Field experiences in Child Health- the Joy of Giving

Amidst Sahyadris, In the foothills of Torna Fort, Doctors come to village, to learn, and to teach.

Here is the story of one of the most memorable events in my college life. I was an intern in B. J. Medical College, Pune and a part of an informal social group in the college called ‘Prachiti’. We were excited about the coming Joy of Giving week, but no concrete plans had come up.

Mr Ashwin, from a private company CSR came to me, referred by a mutual friend, to arrange doctors for a school health check-up camp as part of Joy Of Giving Week. I was glad, and we started upfront. It was Friday, and the camp was to start from Sunday. The dean said he couldn’t provide any doctors, I asked for permission from PSM department (which controls the internship duties), and they said, verbally, that interns could participate, if the respective departments could adjust. As the message spread, people came together, and the best part about my college was that people were ever-ready for such initiatives, and I had a great batch, with many such friends. Getting medicines was another problem, and we went to IMA (Indian Medical Association), Pune. They said, take whatever you want, but their store had nothing except iron tonics, and few antibiotics. We took whatever they had.

I will summarise things daywise.

Day 1- Friday- Mr Ashwin met me in the college canteen. We went to the dean, HOD PSM, and others; without much help. but now at least I could quote PSM HOD, who, told- Permission Granted. Later, we went to IMA and got whatever was available. As an intern, you learn the most important lesson- Jugaad (as we have to arrange gloves, syringes, sample collection bulbs etc in the government hospital where these are either hidden by nurses or hoarded by other co-interns)

Day 2- The activity was to begin the next day, but we still did not know who was going. My friends came to rescue, and many of them were ready. Also, I took my juniors.

What all this was about?

  1. Conducting school health check-up of 600 students.
  2. Spreading health and hygiene awareness.
  3. Treating simple conditions and referring serious cases.
  4. Conducting street plays, health awareness campaigns for school children, in a manner that can catch their attention and deliver the message.

I did not say much to my friends, as I myself was unaware of how we would take this ahead and

The Torna Fort greets us, as we reach near Velha. This is also the base camp for trekking and reaching the fort. The surroundings were lush green, and on the first day of our camp, it rained heavily. Maybe, God blessed us.

what we were to do, but somehow, we got ready, a team of 12 people, on day 1. There was an unexpected surprise, one of our pediatric resident was brother of Deepti, a volunteer from the company that approached us; and when he came to meet her in the morning, he agreed to come along with us. What luck! Besides guiding us, this also provided some legitimacy to our cause, as we could now say, yes, resident doctors also came with us.

During college years, we are taught theoretical things, and here, I had taken responsibility for conducting a School Health Camp for 12 villages, in a remote tribal area, not knowing how we would be proceeding. But- It turned out to be a success, and a learning experience for all the participants.

We purchased some medicines, and went ahead. Early morning, Mr. Ashwin came with his team, and we left for Velha, 90 kms from Pune- a 3 hours journey on rural roads of western ghats, surrounded by beautiful scenery.

Velha is a taluka/tehsil, but looks more like a village. It is the most backward tehsil of Pune district, as the terrain is hilly and that makes life difficult. The girls here drop out of school after Primary classes as the Middle and Secondary schools are far and terrain is undulated, hence difficult for commutation. The boys either drop out or move to schools called ‘Ashram Shaala’, which are residential government schools for tribals.

The village school in one of the villages. School Children, waiting outside.

It was the end of Monsoons and the whole area was green, lush and beautiful, the pictures will tell about that.

Our Dispensary, where the drugs were given. So the child first went for height and weight, then to the lab, proceeding to the doctor and finally to the drug counter. Wonderful experience. And great fun dealing with the little ones

Now, I am making it a pictorial story.

The end of Day 1, and we pose together. Would possibly never see these children again, but it took just a minute to befriend them.
In the background is the van which carried our medicines, and was to serve as a mobile dispensary, but was seldom used. The first day, we knew nothing, but started off as we reached there, setting up out camp.
We went to the first school, and somehow, everything felt into place. I took the task of guiding my juniors and friends, and delegating the work. The children sat patiently when one by one, they first went to get their height and weight checked, which was matched with the Malnutrition charts to rule out any growth retardation. Then, their blood group was checked and finally, a doctor examined them. But, the remaining children were kept busy in various activities.
Clean Hands, Healthy Child:
We as doctors were told how important hand washing was. Germs of diseases from common cold, to Influenza, Hepatitis A and E, diarrhoeal diseases, Meningitis  spread through unclean hands. Conveying this to our tiny tots was a challenge- and we got innovative.
A small poem with demonstration told them of the six steps of complete hand washing. 
It went like this: 
‘sabun lekar sabse pehle paani ko namaste,’- keeping the soap between both hands under running water, and rubbing them,
fir paani ki raani machli mili-‘ where one palm is placed on back of other hand, repeating on both hands, cleaning the back of hands,
machli ka pet faada’ where the webs of fingers are cleaned by fingers of other hand,
angoothe se bani chaabi’ the thumb is cleaned by putting it in the closed fist of another hand,
andar se nikli ghadi aur choodi’ –where both the wrists are cleaned, by the act of wearing a watch or bangle,
air humare haath ho gaye chaka chak’-  and this gave us clean hands on rinsing.
The children repeated the whole exercise, and many of them demonstrated it with water and soap. They were asked when to wash hands? And through another poem, told to wash hands after defecation and before every meal. They enjoyed the process, and compared with each other whose hands had become more chaka chak. (spotlessly clean).
All of us look on as the children proudly show their clean hands. The teachers were given soaps to ensure that this activity continued. The children were making all the actions of the poem as we were leaving for another school. 


This was our laboratory, where two friends checked blood group and Haemoglobin. We prepared a questionnaire which contained the basic health record and parameters to see, bringing uniformity, and recording the health status and treatment given. Chocolates were given before blood was taken, but the children showed courage, and voluntarily came for testing.
The Sun bid a goodbye, as we returned to Pune
Dinner at the only Restaurant in Velha, which is actually a tea shop. Ashwin ji having food as my friends look, sitting back.
The next day, Students in Varoti (another village) were lined up, neatly dressed. The villagers are sitting back, and this was the most disciplined set of children. Seriously. We did a lot of work, in less time, with lesser people. Had a talk with the villagers, treated them ,and the day passed by quickly. Now, we were experienced in this activity.
A controlled chaos descended as we started. Here, Sheetal, a volunteer is shown how much Vitamin A syrup is to be given to each child, as we put up the table.
The girls exchange skills. They teach us the moves, as well as the song.
volunteers give Vit.A syrup. The children take it gladly, and it helps them for the next 6 months. Vitamin A deficiency aggravates many infections, including measles.
Time for a skit by the children, and they were also taught new skits on Heath, which they improvised in a better, local form, teaching us to perform a better skit when we were to meet another set of children from a different village.
Children enjoy the skit, as ladies line up for check-up
The height-weight section, the lady outside watching.
Gents came next, and though all this was happening in the same room, it went very smoothly. This is me.
Ashwin ji at his best, with the tiny tots. They all know him. He has been working with this community for some time.
The children ended it with a Yoga session, an example of holistic healthcare, and we called it a day.
Goodbye time.
We were told later that children from the neighboring village had also come, for the check-up. They were dropped home.
Standing tall, it does feel good. Yippie.
This is among the most formal photos we clicked. I wonder why everyone looked so sober. But a nice pic.
The evening scenery, as we return.

Till now, it was easy to bring people, but now, as most of my friends had come, and it is not easy to get leave everyday, the question was – how to continue this for the next 4 days. Till now, we had few juniors with us, and they spread the word, through which many juniors were ready to come, but they were 2nd and 3rd year students, and how would they treat patients? Still, I managed to train them in the basic things, where expertise was not needed. Our health card was simple, and only the final task of examination and treatment was left for the doctor, the juniors doing everything else. The next day, we did a mammoth task. We were 25 of us, against the usual figure of 12. Most of them students. We had 8 interns, and divided ourselves into 2 groups, which would cover 2 villages and their surrounding areas. Students from Sinhagad Engineering College joined us and volunteers from the company reduced, as it wasn’t a weekend. And, we managed to do a great job.

This day, we were covering two schools, and one of them was from 8th to 10th. Thus, it was decided to conduct a class on sex-education for them. As we reached there, we first conducted a street play, before splitting into two. Here are the pictures.

It was an impromptu play, and it was fun. The guys sitting in the centre played the role of king and queen, who were curious about health of their subjects. One by one, medical cases were brought, and the Royal Physician, (the role that I played) told the assembled children how common cases should be tackled. This included immunisation, anaemia, dog and snake bites, malnutrition in children, worms etc.
The location of this school was scenic, between the hills, on a plateau, with a playground in front.
The girls wonder what is happening, the contrast between them and the city girls can be seen.🙂 This was the only secondary school in that area, and a session on sex- education was conducted, for girls and boys separately. Many of them came with their thoughts, and knew a lot more than what we expected.
Here come the boys, they knew a lot about things which we were expecting to explain; and my friends later told that the sex-education part later was interactive and good.
The same play, repeated for tiny tots, with the King and queen seated in centre, as children watch.
Continuing this for the remaining week, we completed our work, and learnt the following things.
  1. Everyone, when in college, wants to do something good, but this potential is seldom utilised and channelised. There is a huge potential in our youth, which needs a direction to use their time, and find the purpose of their education as well as life.
  2. People join you, you just have to start working.
  3. The circumstances teach you everything- one cannot learn swimming without entering the water.
  4. Team-work is the key to success.
  5. Divide task, delegate work- This makes you a good leader.
  6. Have faith in your people.
  7. Give your best, with honesty and sincerity.


These seven days have left many memories with us- those beautiful hills of Sahyadri, those simple schools, our enthusiastic children- ready to learn and even outsmart us, the spirit of working together, the need of a healthy childhood, and realising that even small interventions like hand-washing, Vitamin A dosage, deworming tablets and health awareness can help children in staying healthy and getting sick less frequently. Diet plays a very important role in maintaining the immunity, and I remember my mother giving me a daily dose of Dabur Chyawanprash during winters, which ensured that I rarely caught cold in school. Healthy children make more productive citizens, and are able to perform better. Any initiative and investment in a child’s health is never wasted, and should be a priority. We were lucky to learn this, alongwith the Joy of Giving.

India on a cycle

I wanted to see the country,

by travelling through it on a motorcycle- Around India in 180 days was the plan.

gradually, the mode of transport changed to a bicycle,

and finally- the journey began- from New Delhi.

I did not know where I would reach, if at all.

This is the story of how it happened.

Cycle Yatra …
Before climbing a mighty mountain,
When one looks it from the foot,
The ‘lesser mortal’ wonders,
Can I? Should I? Would I?
And then, the first steps are taken,
Full of insecurity, self- doubt and may I confess- Fear?
‘HE’ smiles assuringly, and he smiles back,
This is how the journey begins …

‘When you start travelling across India, you realise how Big your country is,’ said a learned man,
I added, ‘on a cycle, this realisation comes sooner, even before you start.’
It was 18th November, 2012, no special day according to the calendar.
The alarm rang, as it was supposed to, at 5 am.
I woke up, as I was supposed to,
But this was when I could decide whether to stay or leave.
Hesitantly, I left.
No flag offs, no Historical monument to begin from,
This journey started from a friend’s home,
And I pedalled on day 1, matching my pace with the music from the headphones,
Towards my destination for the day- Pilani- 160 kilometers away.
Delhi is a big city,
and it was noon by the time I left this city,
and entered Haryana- through the town of Bahadurgarh.
this was going slow,
I was already tired,
and the journey had just begun.
I got lost on a highway that led to a signboard saying-
‘Sorry for the inconvenience, work stopped due to litigation.’
I was not taking any pictures,
I was not stopping to meet anyone,
I did not visit any of the schools or colleges that came my way,
The priority today was to reach Pilani.
By the time I reached Jhajjar, it was 3 pm.
I had come 70 kilometres. I was to cover 80 more kilometres which was not possible today.
‘Isn’t it too ambitious to reach Pilani on the first day?’ A friend had told me.
‘I’ve cycled 80 kilometres in hilly terrain, so it won’t be difficult,’ I had replied.
But cycling alone, is a different story altogether.
And once you have fixed your destination,
You count every kilometre, and kilometres pass slowly while you are cycling.
I went to the bus stand,
And looked for a bus for Pilani.
On my very first day, I was taking a short cut.
The bus went till Charkhi Dadri- about 40 kilometres enroute.
And on the roof of the bus, both of us- me and my ride were resting after a day’s work.
The roof was soon full, and I was upfront with Haryanvi hospitality- hostility.
As the 40 kilometres passed,
I was with a regained vigour that it was not impossible to cover the remaining journey today,
And I pedalled towards Pilani.
Where did I have food- I can’t recall.
Did I have food?
As it was 5 pm, a car stopped ahead of me,
And I was asked ‘hello ji. kya Plan hai?’
This was the first person to ask me what I was upto.
And I conveyed this to him- Mr Ashok, a College Lecturer.
A short way ahead, was his village,
And warm milk awaited me as I reached there.
He was ‘on the same wavelength’,
And provided the much needed ‘boost’ to me.
As I moved ahead, I saw road-sign,
Showing that a temple that I had ‘much heard of’,
Was nearby.
When would I come to this place again? I thought,
And turned the cycle in the direction shown,
Reaching there, I was told that the annual ‘fair’ of the temple was on the next day,
And I met the trustees, who I happened to know from my stay in Maharashtra,
And thus on the first day, I was treated well.
My stay was taken care of, my hunger was taken care of, and I slept a sound sleep.
He smiled assuringly, and I smiled back.

Day 2 Getting up early is a routine now, and though there is a festival today at the temple, I would be leaving soon. The destination today is Pilani, and I aim to reach there by lunch time. It is around 60 kilometres, and I start at 8 am, pedalling faster than the previous day. Yes, today another ‘uncle’ stops me to ask what I am doing, and I am offered a glass of ‘lassi’. The pedalling continues, and without much ‘happenings’, I reach Pilani, where my friend awaits me. I would not be cycling the whole day today, like the first day, and thus, get some rest. The evening is spent exploring Pilani- the educational town. I am staying in the BITS Campus, and an evening stroll around the campus is rewarding, specially the visit to a Saraswati Temple in the campus. The values which were in the mind of the founding fathers of this institution are still existing, and thus, this is among the few campuses in India where the students become not just engineers but all rounders.

Day 3– A reporter is informed about my presence in town, and comes early morning for an interview. When he realises that there is no defined ‘purpose’ of this journey, he gets clueless, thinking, what he would be writing. I tell him, ‘I do not wish to appear in the paper. This is a personal journey.’ And after a brief meeting, I leave for my destination- Jhunjhunu- my home town. The road today is a village road, and I pass through the daily morning routine of villages- children going to schools, looking at me, farmers moving towards fields, the school bell ringing. Cycling on village roads is a nice experience, its just that there aren’t many village roads that can substitute the Highway routes, for a particular destination, and later in my journey, I took many detours looking for village roads, but ended up no-where, or on the sandy tracks created by passing camel carts, where I dragged my cycle, wishing that the road was nearby.
Reaching Jhunjhunu- my hometown on a cycle, was different, yet the same. I stopped at an Ex- IAS officer’s home, to give him the good news of my beginning the journey, and he was visibly happy.
Known people stopped me, and guessed that I had cycled all the way, and were thinking- this guy is ruining himself. At home, food awaited me, and at last, I was happy to be here. Normally, this kind of journey starts from home, and proceeds to a destination. I was lucky to have home on my way, so that I could rest for a few days, and that too at the start of my journey. This did give a moral support.

Days Passed, and a friend joined me now. SO, after a few days, both of us now started from Jhunjhunu, heading towards Salasar- a famous temple dedicated to the Hindu God Hanuman.

Why we chose Salasar is an interesting story. When I left from Delhi, people on the way asked if I was going to Salasar, as many people undertake such cycle journeys, to religious places. When I did not want to explain, I said ‘yes’ and thus, I has said ‘yes’ to many such people on the way. Now, if I did not go to salasar, that would have been not keeping my word, and thus, the destination was chosen as Salasar. What after that- none of us knew.

Yatra Day 4: the journey has to begin again,
and one has to leave home for the same.
Thus, on another winter morning,
the journey began again.
The difference now was that we were two of us,
and that gave a morale boost, for sure.
This was my home district,
and I had acquaintances in many villages on the way,
so even before we reached the tenth milestone,
I took a right turn into a village,
and told Om, my mate, companion, friend- to come along.
We went to a relative’s house,
an elder in the family, who was happy to see us.
it was still early morning,
and after a glass full of milk, and some conversation,
we went ahead.
Then, there came a diversion for a famous temple 7 kilometres inroad.
A beautiful village road it was, I still recall.
And thus, 15 kms were added to our journey.
The ’tilak’ that I applied to my cycle here, is still present after about a month of travelling,
and I know we have been blessed.
Cycling on country roads is a pleasure,
and on highways, a hazard.
I have always been looking for country roads throughout the ‘yatra’,
and have been fairly lucky.
Our lunch was fixed beforehand,
at my mother’s friend living enroute.
And what a lunch it was!
A beautiful home in the countryside,
and two of us were fed with love that is reserved for one’s own children,
so this is how our experience was going on,
in the home- district.
‘What would happen elsewhere?’ Did this thought cross my mind?
I don’t think so; was probably living in the moment.
Soon after, we reached Mandawa,
the town, once obscure, is now a well known destination in the foreign tourist’s itinerary.
We were not tourists of course,
we were travellers,
but more about this later.
so, after entering Mandawa,
we looked out for the ‘famous’ havelis or palatial buildings,
and were guided to ‘mandawa Haveli’
We entered the premises,
a beautiful, well maintained ‘heritage’ haveli, now a ‘hotel’.
We were expected to pay cover charges, but that was not something we could accept,
and our cycles were the ‘ticket’ to enter any such premises.
The manager welcomed us in,
and a guide accompanied us around.
Beautifully maintained, neat, affordable and elegant- this is how I would define Mandawa Haveli to anyone who would be interested to stay there.
The next stop was a ‘manihari’ or bangle maker’s shop,
she was making Lac bangles,
and two of us sat there,
lazily, looking at her, ordering a fresh pair of small bangles to be made.
I tried to learn the craft, but one has to try it by oneself,
and the old lady might have felt ‘competitive’ had I asked her to let me try my hand,
so I just quietly watched.
A pair was made, and bought.
The next stop was Mandawa Castle.
The previous ‘monument’ was a haveli,
but this one was a ‘Castle’.
Thus the cover charges here were Rs 250, as compared to Rs 70 before,
but what remained static was our ‘cycle yatra’ status,
and thus,
another guide here showed us around the beautiful palace.
Again, well maintained, palatial, with all modern amenities, but heavier on pocket-
this was Mandawa Castle.
One may splurge here if one Can.
The guide who showed us around was an elderly local,
and the castle gave employment to many,
now, Mandawa, and other towns of Shekhawati- the region where this town is located in, are well known tourist destinations,
and I had never been to these places which were in my backyard all these years,
this happens, I guess.
We bid a goodbye to Mandawa soon,
and were looking for a shorter route towards Salasar,
the route existed, but nobody knew of it,
and thus, we used the highway,
a local guy told us after we had covered a fair distance,
that the route existed,
and we had missed it,
and showed us another way to join it;
another village road,
which ended into a dirt track,
and dirt track in Rajasthan turn into sandy tracks,
where we were dragging our cycles,
hoping that the road be visible soon;
what a contradiction-
when on the highway, one resents it,
when away from it, one misses it,
but through my journey I’ve realised,
one should stick to metalled roads,
not the highways,
but at least those that have ‘tar’ on them.
We finally reach a proper road,
and ride over it, along the setting sun.
It was Moharram that day,
and we cross a few processions with rhythmic drum beaters and chest thumpers,
acrobats and fire handlers,
and one funny incidence that happens involves us crossing a circle with a live fire performer, to the amusement of kids who make way for us,
finally out of the crowd, we reach a village,
and look for a Primary Health Centre,
basically, to find a doctor who can accommodate us.
Doctors are a rare species in village Health Centres,
and we were told that we would not see one here as well,
but the purpose of the ‘visit’ to PHC was solved,
as there was a place where travellers like us could spend a night,
as far as food was concerned,
a person managing a sweet shop got food prepared for two of us on our request,
and declined to accept the payment for the same.
This is India.
Thus, passed another day.
Thus, passed another night.

Day- count forgotten

A day during the cycle journey,
begins with-
laziness- of having to cycle another 60-70 kilometres,
of getting up early on a December morning,
of taking a bath with cold water.
uncertainty- of not knowing where I am headed to,
where lunch awaits me,
and where would I spend the night.
fear- goes away.
I don’t fear getting run over by a speeding car,
being mowed down by a truck
or anything of that sort.

the day begins with-
excitement- of reaching a new place,
of a new day where HE shows that there is no limit of His benevolence,
of meeting interesting people,
and being surprised.
Bliss- of watching the rising sun,
and memories of bidding it goodbye when it sets, to rise elsewhere,
of being one with nature,
riding with the wind, or against it,
the bliss of being alive.

each day begins with a goodbye,
to the kind host,
who came in our life when we entered his home,
who fed our hungry stomach,
his shelter rested our tired body-
who powered our journey-
and with whom-
we would continue to stay-
as a memory.

This day began too-
when we-
Me and my friend Om-
left the dharamshala after the cold water bath by me.
I have no aversion to cold water- as seen here-

In Indus

But Om had no intention of touching the cold water.
Om was new to cycling,
or to resume cycling, I must say,
as cycles have been the childhood buddies of most of us,
and Om loved cycling.
Though he became tired- butt naturally-
But we never remained less ambitious.
Thats the advantage when you are two- you dream bigger.

it was November 26th of 2012.
we moved towards the temple town of Salasar,
around 40 kilometres,
and stoped enroute on a dhaba.
I charged my battery by having hot milk with biscuits,
while Om charged his own by bathing in the warm tube well water.
The ride to salasar was easy-
Lakshmangarh- the next major town enroute was about 13 kms,
and with some effort, from our tired muscles,
we reached there before noon.
Since the town’s name has a ‘garh’ at the end of it,
it was expected to have a fort,
and it did have one.
This one is a private fort,
sold to a merchant by the original owners;
it has thick walls,
and provides a bird’s eye view of the whole town.
One may visit the fort, no harm.
The inside courtyard gives some beautiful photographs.
There is a temple inside, of Lord Hanuman,
the priest is not a teetotaller.

We bought some fruits (which have incidentally become expensive these days),
and moved to meet the Lord,
one crosses the national highway, and moves on the district road leading to Salasar,
this road is well maintained, and I was impressed,
but the Toll Plaza at some distance took away all the good impression that I gathered.
This too, was a toll road,
and thankfully, cycles aren’t expected to pay,
we stopped enroute on a farmhouse owned by the priests of the temple,
a glass of chach with 2 kilos of farm fresh amla was the reward.
soon, we entered Salasar, a bit tired.
This is the most revered hanuman temple in the country, as per my knowledge,
and the town is like any other temple town,
full of dharamshalas made by people from various places,
hailing from different communities.
India came together here-
yet, stayed apart.
Anyways, we had Darshan,
asked for His blessings.
and after spending about an hour or more there, we proceeded ahead.
‘Where now’ was the question, as the next destination was not known.
there are two main routes to reach Salasar-
one that we took to enter- from Lakshmangarh side,
and the other of our exit- leading to Sujangarh.
as cycling again on the same route is no fun.
so, we moved towards Sujangarh- 40 kilometres away.
we were very sure of not reaching Sujangarh the same day.
The question of where we would be spending the night became eminent with every passing minute,
and we could not find a functioning Primary Health Centre in the area.
Now, it was getting darker,
and I had told Om-
you find a place for us to stay.
Only one person should be in command.
And today, I thought it would be difficult to find a place.
So, as the sun was setting,
our ‘quest for rest’ began to gather pace.
we were initially guided to a ‘baraat ghar’-
where we found nothing but a room occupied by two goats,
and their poop.
we came out.
we were a bit depressed,
and without much hope,
we entered the village called Lodsar.
moved around a bit,
told our story and waited for someone to offer shelter.
At last-
we asked for the sarpanch’s house, and were guided to it.
And we ended up spending one of the most memorable night in the journey-
I’ll tell you how.
An old lady at the sarpanch’s house opened the gate,
and we told her we were looking for a place to stay.
she welcomed us and gave us the best room of her house.
Later, during conversation,
we came to know that her daughter in law was the sarpanch,
and her son was the ‘sarpanch pati’ or the real person who called the shots.
This panchayat was winning many state level and national awards,
and was judged the best panchayat.
and we had ended up at the house of its sarpanch.
The sarpanch pati was away with her wife to collect another award,
and we were given company by his younger brother,
and the kids of the family.
Our talk continued for long,
and the kids were happy.
We were informed about some ongoing IT projects in the village,
and treated with sumptuous meals.
Thus, passed another day,
by His grace.

Lodsar on-wards-

Early morning,
5 o clock,
we wake up-
before the cry of cock.
I mend the punctured tube till the milk is warmed,
it’s a big exercise that the kids eagerly watch-
ready to help,
bringing whatever I ask for,
be it a panner or a tub of water.
The tube is repaired and the milk is hot.
time to move on baby-
this message I got,
from Om who is eager to begin,
a new day before the sun starts his own.
we move on as the day breaks in,
to reach Sujangarh- the nearest town.
for breakfast.
Sujangarh appears at 8 30,
its presence being declared by a gateway that welcomes us.
Alas! there is no ‘garh’ or fort in this ‘Sujangarh’.
I wonder if we would find Sujan- or good people as well.
Towns are difficult stops in our journey,
and this one was still a small one,
but no less difficult.
people are busy in their chores,
as we move on anonymously-
after a quick breakfast, and visit to a ‘Tirupati’ styled Balaji Temple.
The next stop is Tal Chappar sanctuary-
the home of Black Buck.
I put myself on full throttle,
and pass the potholed road with great speeds.
The town of Chappar is not far,
around 14 kilometres,
and suddenly,
the cycle gives a thud and stops.
The aluminium rim could not tolerate my manoeuvres,
and its spokes came off,
distorting the rear tyre,
stopping me rudely.
It was the cycle’s turn to take revenge now-
I was mishandling her for a long while.
A kind biker stopped,
and I sat behind him with my cycle held in the arms.
The distance of 8 kilometres to Chappar made my arms ache-
a punishment probably.
Geared cycles aren’t repaired everywhere.
Not in Chappar.
But the guy at the shop was enterprising,
and began his study of the cycle.
It took 2 hours for him to do the needful,
The rear tyre is a difficult thing to handle in a geared cycle,
and changing its spoke needs a particular tool to open the flywheel,
without which it is indeed herculean.
The wheel was fitted the wrong way initially,
to be re-opened and re-fitted.
It was a work of lot of patience,
and this guy was a patient himself-
of a gastric disorder-
on which I advised him.
Finally after a couple of hours,
the bike was ready to be ridden,
and we moved to Tal-Chappar Blackbuck Sanctuary.
We were permitted to take our cycles inside,
and this was a very small sanctuary.
One could cycle its total perimeter in half an hour- that small.
we cycled as the blackbuck saw us with suspicion- or indifference- or amazement-
depending on the personality of the black buck-
but few of them started fleeting on our arrival,
and the rest followed.
And then , hundreds of blackbucks ran away from wherever we went,
and the wildlife officer came shouting at us- in his jeep-
telling us that we had driven the bucks away from the tiny sanctuary.
the bucks returned as we retreated.
and we took a leisurely rest at one of the small ponds in the sanctuary-
looking at the bird-life.
This is a tiny sanctuary, and blackbucks move out of it-
on the roads,
in the fields.
Unharmed, unthreatened.
The villagers here must not be happy with these deer foraging on all their crops.
But these bucks are beautiful indeed-
the male turns black from brown as it grows,
and looks beautiful with its curved antlers.
Tal Chappar is a good place to visit,
specially because there is so much to see in a small space.
The bird-life here is diverse,
and the sanctuary has guest-rooms maintained by the forest department.
There are direct trains from Delhi- to nearby Chappar station.
Delhi Sujangarh Salasar express is the one that I know of.

From Chappar, we had no idea of where we were headed to,
and we were tired by the ordeal.
Thus, we decided to take a train to Jodhpur,
and continue the journey from there.
From uncertainty- we were moving to security-
the journey to Chappar station in the night was uneventful-
and as we were moving,
the Blackbucks had left the sanctuary and were freely grazing in the fields.
Enjoying the crop of gwar, or pulses or whatever came their way.
The station was quiet, its silence broken by the arriving train-
and we boarded the general compartment-
with our cycles-
that were not allowed-
but there was no provision of booking luggage at this tiny station-
and we chugged towards Jodhpur on that chilly night.
after getting down at Banar raiway station- the station just before Jodhpur cantt,
we cycled to Om’s uncle’s home,
late in the chilly night,
to catch up a few hours of sleep before another day began.
This particular day was not too good-
and Om gave a reason for the same-
in the morning-
the sarpanch pati had arrived early morning-
and was the first person who we saw.
he was not very happy that two unknown people were resting in his house,
and verified our credentials,
which was understandable.
So according to Om-
the first face that you see in the morning decides how your day would pass,
and thus passed another day,
by His grace.

I would confess that riding the cycle everyday is a tough task,
and had I to do it by compulsion,
or as a part of some job-
I would not have done it.
But this was because of free will,
that I was able to continue pedalling.
This day, in Jodhpur,
we took Om’s uncle’s mobike,
for a tour of the city.
Jodhpur is a famous tourist place and we had many spots to cover-
Places which were visited include-
Ummed Bhawan Palace, Mehrangarh, Jaswant Thada and the local Kachori shops.
A lot has been said and shown about the city in books and images,
and I would not add to it.
The moments that I recall now include-
the folk song played on Ravanhatta- a string instrument- accompanied by vocals by a manganiyar singer,
the singer sang as his wife looked on,
and his voice reverberated through the majestic walls of Mehrangarh- captivating the listeners from across the globe.
The many eagles flying over the fort- giving it their name- Mehran (eagle) garh (fort).
The temple where a stampede killed hundreds- a few years ago,
the vintage cars lined up at Ummed palace,
the quiet evening spent at Kaylana Lake- an ideal place to see the sunset,
the view from the top of Mehrangarh-
and the filth of the main city seen just below-
the blue painted houses,
seen so many times before in images-
do not appear spectacular- but ordinary.
The evening was spent catching up with another friend,
and thus passed another day-
in leisure, and pleasure.
We were to leave towards Jaisalmer the next day.
Every day starts with a new uncertainty,
this one was no different.
We planned to take a train to Ramdevra,
and cycle thereafter.
Jaisalmer to Jodhpur is a long road-
and later I realised that we were there around the same time when this Cycle tour-

the Desert Run- a 500 km Jodhpur- Jaisalmer- Jodhpur cycle journey was happening for the first time.

loading a cycle in train officially is difficult.
specially when your destination or origin is a small town.
Thus, we took them with us in the general compartment,
making up our mind to handle the situation as at comes.
Nothing much happened,
and listening to the constant chit-chat of strangers- old men and housewives-
we reached Ramdevra.
The language of this part of Rajasthan is more sweet and less harsh-
and people can go on talking.

Ramdevra is a temple town-
with the shrine of Baba Ramdev situated here.
People from across the region,
as well as other states come here-
many of them on foot,
and some by continuously prostrating themselves on the ground.
the shrine has a lot of commercialization-
the people of this town have little regard for anything but money.
Those who visit here though come with faith,
and one sees them coming from far off places,
carrying the flag of Baba Ramdev,
singing praises for him,
and worshipping him at his shrine.

By now, due to some unforeseen reasons,
it was decided that both of us were leaving for Delhi.
The journey was to pause but not end.
This was made sure as we called a friend to arrange for a place to keep our cycles in Pokhran,
15 kilometres from Ramdevra.
The ride to Pokhran was leisurely,
my bike was tired too.
we visited the fort of Pokhran-
a place with its own charm-
definitely not as majestic as its counterparts in Jodhpur or Jaisalmer,
but having its own share in the history.
The sun went down and we left our cycles at a doctor’s house.
The journey till now had been beautiful,
and there had been no particular obstacles or eventualities,
this gave us the courage to continue our journey-
and with that intention-
we waited to board the train to Delhi.
Thus, passed another day,
by His grace, and according to His wish.

omething was amiss.
The journey was to begin again soon,
and we had another friend- Mayank joining us.
After a week,
and after buying a road bike for Mayank,
we were in the general compartment of Delhi – Bikaner Express.
General compartment travelling has stayed with me-
thats all one can do if one plans at the last moment,
and yes, this plan to leave for Bikaner also came up suddenly-
we took the cycle with us,
and the Railway Protection Force guy came immediately.
We told him that the luggage could not be booked due to lack of time- which was true.
we were told that the cycle could not be accommodated in spite of reaching more than an hour before.
Cycles and cyclists aren’t an encouraged lot in this country.
The RPF guy was not to listen.
Then I used my options.
My uncle is a very senior officer in the RPF,
and I dropped his name.
The constable asked me the names of his wife, and children,
which I told,
along with sharing his contact number.
The constable has worked under my uncle,
and was delighted to have his number,
and the cycle- it was not to be disturbed till we reached Bikaner early morning.

I regret dropping names, using influence, but the constable was too adamant and rude,
and would have taken the cycle out in another minute had I not done what I did.

Anyways, why were we going to Bikaner?
Because one goes via Bikaner to Ramdevra and Pokaran,
and the night train to Bikaner runs almost empty.
The full day was spent visiting places around the town-
The Deshnok temple, the city.
I met my father’s teacher,
and went to her house.
Though in her seventies,
she cooked makke ki roti and sarson ka saag-
a delicacy best suited for the winters- for me and my friends.
I saw three tall standing neem trees- to be told that they were planted by my father.
The evening was spent at the Junagarh Fort,
and Basant Vihar Palace was the venue for our dinner.
Basant Vihar- a property of the Bikaji bhujia family is a nice restaurant,
with an excellent ambience and good food,
and surprisingly, very reasonably priced.
Mayan’s friend Saurabh was our host in Bikaner,
and his family was happy to see us.
Freedom like the one we were having came dearly to guys of our age-
being busy in the race of life.
We were just lucky.
Next morning, we took a bus to Ramdevra,
and the cycle got loaded on the roof.
The bus journey took us throuogh the drier parts of Rajasthan,
which were turning less dry by continuous flow of the Indira Gandhi Canal.
Ramdevra was four hours away,
and the distance reduced as time passed.
After having another visit to the shrine of Baba Ramdev in his town,
we moved towards Pokaran-
Mayank on his cycle,
we by shared jeep,
and reached soon.
We expected to cycle the whole night-
as it was a full moon night and this is a beautiful highway to cycle on a full moon December night.
Cycling helps you beat the cold,
and your inner heat keeps you warm while the outside weather cools you down.
The plan was in its discussion phase,
and first we had to collect our cycles,
which were resting at the doctor’s house.
On reaching the Doctor,
we were a bit intrigued by the cold reception,
and I was later told that a major theft had taken place in their house a few days after we left our cycles.
And on such instances one regrets trusting strangers.
After exchanging greetings,
we proceeded.
It was time for sunset,
and the moon to rise,
and take over the charge from the sun-
the moon was in its full glory-
but the reality of driving on the desolate highway dawned on us as we continued pedalling.
We started feeling cold,
and realised that this was not simple.
Villages were very very far apart-
and once we leave one village-
the next one would come after some kilometres of cycling.
The villages were not on the roadside,
but in the interiors.
Also, if it got late,
everyone would have slept and we would have to be on our own in the middle of nowhere.
It was not scary-
and we were three of us.
We stopped on the roadside,
to have some warm milk/ tea,
and I had eggs- Mayank and Om were vegetarians.
A guy there appeared smart, and educated,
and the conversation began.
We told about ourselves,
and he told where were we going to stay.
Om said- ‘If people ask that question, we tell them we would stay with them.’
His name was Ali Mehar,
and on hearing this,
he gladly took us to his home.
We were accompanied by a group of children,
who took our cycles from us and we walked along the ‘kutchha’ dirt track to the village.
The main village was situated about a kilometre inside,
and named- Chacha.
This was again to be a memorable night,
with a nice family.
It was only in India that one could expect hospitality by strangers,
in the middle of nowhere-
without any expectation.
I have tried to keep this flame alive-
by doing my bit for people who I come across,
and repay this debt.

The Night at Chacha village, and beyond-
We walked into the house of Ali Mehar,
a large house in a desert village.
His father welcomed us as we settled down.
It was a large house,
with a water ‘tanka’ or underground tank outside,
full of rain water.
The groundwater here is too saline to be drinkable,
and people have developed traditional rainwater harvesting methods.
A courtyard separated the outer room from the inner ones,
where the womenfolk lived and worked.
Ali Mehar’s father- who we called Chacha,
was a man of wisdom.
He emphasised that there was religious solidarity in their village,
and shared some instances of his life, and childhood.
We reminded him of a ‘fakir’ who came to their house when he was a child,
and then returned again after many years.
He had a large family-
spanning three generations,
and there were many children around.
Ali Mehar was much more aware about the outside world,
even international events,
than is expected from a guy in this remoteness.
Now, he has joined as a youth wing leader of a Political Party.

The dinner consisted of Bajre-ki roti,
with curry and buttermilk,
alongwith a request for opium- common in these areas,
but was politely declined by us.
It was a cool full moon night,
and nights in the middle of desert are different-
one can feel the emptiness and openness,
but we were a bit tired to feel anything,
and sleep came early as we hit the charpoys.
This day began in Bikaner and ended in a village few kilometres away from Pokaran-
The next day,
we had to move towards Jaisalmer-
still 110 kilometres away.
It was going to be a long ride,
and we planned to wake up early.
Thus, passed another day,
by His grace.

Early morning waking up in December,
and keeping the date with cold water-
is possible only during a journey,
as the day that begins,
brings with it excitement, and not boredom,
and the same happened as we left Chacha village to continue cycling on the National Highway 15,
towards Jaisalmer.
On our right was the huge Pokaran firing range,
spread across hundreds of square kilometres.
This is India’s largest firing range,
and regular exercises are carried out in the empty desert.
Many dirt tracks led into the range,
and we had no business to follow them.
Our way was the Highway,
and we cycled ahead.
After a while,
we saw a board mentioning the way towards Bhadariya.

Here onwards, I would like to share a similar visit by Dr APJ Abdul Kalam,
who happened to discover this place before me,
and writes about it in his book.

Bhadariya Mata temple is an old devi temple near the Pokaran firing range,
and because it is an old temple,
more land was not acquired on this side of the range.
A learned man- who later became known as Bhadariya Maharaj-
came here.-
He brought reform to the villages and established a large ‘goshala’ for the old, deserted cows.
But what is more surprising is the large library-
among the largest in the country-
established in this remote desert village.
The place is worth a visit.

Maharaj is no more physically,
but the institution still runs.
It was lunch time,
and we had a hearty meal with lots of ‘chaach’ (buttermilk)
I lost my mobile,
to find it again.

Places like these have a huge resource- Land-
thousands of acres in this case.
and often, the administration becomes subdued to the local influence that such institutions have.
The good or bad derived out of the institution depends on person at the helm of the affairs,
Bhadariya Maharaj was a genuine person,
hope his followers maintain the legacy.

Jaisalmer was 77 kilometres from here,
and it was noon already.
so, with a full stomach,
made overfull by the many glasses of buttermilk,
we went towards our cycles,
and the first pedal was difficult.
As the inertia was broken,
we moved towards our destination- Jaisalmer-
racing with the sun.
NH 15 is a desolate highway-
a good tarmac where cars maintain an average speed of above 100 kmph.
We were cycling on that road,
The beauty of that was that we saw things which were too subtle to notice,
the area had lot of wildlife,
and chinkara were seen.
A local couple was stranded because of motorcycle breakdown,
and our cycle toolkit was of little use to them.
The race with the mighty sun could not be won,
and we saw it getting out of sight,
taking its light with it.
It grew darker and colder,
and at a point where we could not cycle any further,
we stopped at a dhaba.
In the desert,
spending a night was again a question.
It had been a long distance and Jaisalmer was still 17 kilometres away.
We had no lights,
not even reflectors,
and cycling was thus not safe.
Leaving those worries aside,
on the ‘dhaba’ we bought a litre of milk,
got it boiled,
and shared it among ourselves,
with glucose biscuits.
I had the liberty to eat eggs as well,
which I relished.

Om’s friend was posted in Jaisalmer,
at a solar power plant,
and he came with his driver to meet us.
We were thinking of staying at the dhaba,
and talked about it to those sitting there,
who offered us blankets.
Our friend, meanwhile arrived.
He suggested that we leave to cycles and collect them the next day-
which we declined.
why waste fuel?
so, with our path illuminated by the headlights of the car,
and after gathering some energy by the hot milk,
we pedalled again,
to Jaisalmer- the Goden City.
It was a physically tiring,
but somehow mentally relaxing.
each turn of pedal felt more like- ‘yeah’
the added advantage was that our luggage- which weighed down us a lot-
was in the car,
and thus our speed increased.

after 14 kilometres, and 30 minutes,
we entered the city-
to feel redeemed.
The last 3 kilometres in the city were cakewalk,
and soon,
we were at the hotel which our friend had booked for us.
for the first time during our journey-
we were to stay in a hotel-
that too because our host himself was put up in a hotel by his company.
After a quick warm water bath-
it was time for dinner-
and in this desert town,
we had the specialities that desert had to offer-
ker-sangri ki sabji etc.
after returning to our bed,
sleep came easily,
and thus passed another day-

by His grace.

Before exploring the town,
we decided to pay a visit to Tanot-
a temple near the Indo- Pak border,
a place which was shelled repeatedly during the 1971 war but was not damaged,
a temple dedicated to Tanot Rai Mata-
the kuldevi- or family deity of Bhati Rajputs,
now she is also the deity of BSF- the Border Security force,
which manages the temple.
We were to cover half of the distance by car,
with our bikes loaded in a camper.
A small detour was taken to visit the solar plant that our friend was posted at.
This area is hub of renewable energy-
windspeed is high, due to the uninterrupted terrain,
sun shines bright, with few cloudy days,
and land is available in plenty.
Also, natural gas has been discovered,
and the fortunes of people here,
who own hundreds of acres of land per family-
have changed in a short span.

We passed many huge windmills,
and upcoming solar plants,
and took the detour to see how a solar plant comes up-
courtesy our friend.
After spending some time there,
we had to move on-
our destination awaited us,
and we did not yet know-
that though we had to cycle just 50 kilometres-
they were going to be the toughest ones of our journey.

Ramgarh is a town that lies almost halfway betweeen Jaisalmer and Tanot,
and is the last place where one can gather provisions.
It has a huge TV tower-
very high,
probably to cover the other side of the border as well.
TV towers are high in remote districts-
to have a greater reach.
I found the same in Kutch as well.

Just beyond Ramgarh-
we crossed a large canal-
its water flow was equal to that of an average sized river-
this was the Indira Gandhi canal-
bringing water from Satluj and Beas to the Thar Desert-
converting it into a green land-
even marshy at times.
The sight of water was beautiful,
and we moved on.
we realised why windmills were successful in this area-
we faced strong winds resisting us-
pushing us back with every pedal,
negating all the effort that we were putting.
We sat down to get some energy from the fruits that we had,
and expected the winds to slow down.
Mayank- one of my friend and companion- had got severe pain in the thighs,
and was not in the condition to cycle.
Army trucks crossed us frequently,
and we waived them for a lift.
After many trucks passed by,
no one stopped,
and we cycled.
the road here is very typical.
For around a kilometre,
we climbed up a dune,
and then, the slope enabled us to ride down at a high speed,
racing on a long stretch of empty road.
from the top of a high dune-
one could see kilometres of road ahead.
The wind resisted our efforts,
and this continuous up and down on the slopes was becoming tiring.
We came across an officer who was having his evening walk-
and Om talked to him-
to realise that he had heard about the officer before-
because he was once posted near the village from where the officer belonged.
Shortly, an army truck too stopped and
mayank boarded it with his cycle.
The trucks were passing us and we saw their contents.
Some were full of fresh fruits, eggs,
and we felt hungrier.
It was during this journey that I could experience the basics of life-
Hunger, sleep, thirst, heat and cold.
Tanot was still 10 kilometres away,
and the sun had set.
at dusk, we reached endless dunes-
without any vegetation-
the golden sand dunes, and on our right- was a village in the desert-
A sight that I can still not forget-
a typical- remote- village in the desert-
where water was still a very scarce commodity-
where no canal reached,
and all the people lived in huts-
those thick walled ones,
which could withstand the extremes of heat and cold.
One moves back in time in such places-
and very few of these exist.
The menfolk was away- earning money,
and the women were too shy to talk.
So, the cherubs- children of the desert answered our questions in their language-
half of which we could understand despite hailing from Rajasthan ourselves.
Ranau was beautiful in its own way,
and after spending sometime climbing the sand dunes,
we moved on.
Seven kilometres before Tanot-
there was another temple maintained by the BSF-
where we stopped by the sound of the temple bells-
it was time for the evening aarti.
In pitch darkness,
without getting much idea of the road ahead,
we continued to move,
and each passing milestone brought some relief and a sense of accomplishment.
The winds had probably changed direction and were not confronting us anymore,
but the dunes were still to be scaled and descended.
And on the top of the last dune-
we could see the lights of tanot Temple,
and hear the sound of its bells.
The descent to the last kilometre was steep and quickly,
we zoomed into Tanot temple,
Om and ahead of me,
in tears,
on having reached this remoteness.
The long evening aarti by men in uniform was a spectacle,
but we were absorbed in our own thoughts.
After a while,
on gathering sense,
we looked around the place.
One road led to the border-
10 kilometres ahead,
but one needed prior permission to visit the border.
outside the temple,
the history of the place was written,
and many unexploded Pakistani shells were displayed-
which had fallen in the temple premises.
The temple was unharmed,
and thereafter- BSF took over its responsibility,
continuing the worship here.
I washed my face in this December night,
and tasted the super saline water.
nearby, an RO plant had potable water,
We were hungry,
and three of us had puri- sabji at the local army canteen.
The accommodation here was free of cost-
and after parking our cycles,
we befriended two guys from Gujarat who had come to tanot mata –
as she was the family deity of one of them.

This had been a memorable day,
and the physical exertion was negated by the feeling of having reached there.
In winters, there is still a long time after sun-set when one stays awake-
and our time was spent talking.
We were in no mood to cycle back to Jaisalmer,
and it was decided that we would take the early morning 6 am bus to Jaisalmer.
Sleep did not elude us,
though the ground felt hard beneath us,
and thus, passed another day.
we were in Her shrine,
by Her grace.
5 am,
a cold December morning,
the sun would not appear for the next couple of hours-
as we were near the western border of the country.
The alarm wakes us up,
to begin another day.
There is some predictability today,
because there is only one way out for here-
towards Jaisalmer.
The bus was waiting and we approached the driver with our cycles.
we were to put them on the roof,
and I climbed up.
There used to be arguments on who would be putting up the cycles on the roof,
and I was considered less efficient.
With our cycles fastenend up,
and refreshed by a cup of tea,
we moved towards Jaisalmer.
The bus was going beyond till Jodhpur-
another 250 kilometres from Jaisalmer,
and would return back the same day,
thus, it left early.
we saw the landscape pass,
at a much faster pace now, than previously.
and within two hours, we were on Jaisalmer bus stand.
It was still early for our friend in Jaisalmer,
and three of us- Me, Om and mayank went to explore the famed Jaisalmer Fort-
or Sonar Kella (the famous Satyajit Ray movie in bangla)
this is a living fort,
rising majestically in this sandy landscape,
its sandstone changing colours from golden yellow of the lion in the day,
to honey like when illuminated in the night.
it was built in 12th century,
and more than 5000 people still stay within its walls.
the fort is a heritage site in danger.
Earlier, local methods of rainwater harvesting, and nearby Gadisar lake provided water in the time of need.
They were frugal with this precious resource,
but now, people have piped water connection and have left the initial habits of using little water.
the foundations of this fort are getting effected because of overuse of water,
as it fails to find its way out and damages the foundation.

The fort is beautiful, and lively,
its narrow lanes lead to beautiful jain temples,
where people come not just to see the wonderfully carved gateways and pillars,
but to actually worship,
The Jain temple also has a library which has ancient manuscripts;
it is a place of pilgrimage for the followers-
many of them monks and nuns who walk hundreds of miles from place to place-
all their lives.
In front of them,
our journey was nothing,
and our purpose too trivial.
enroute, I had seen groups of Jaina nuns,
dressed in white,
young, and having left the material world,
moving from one place of pilgrimage to another,
in a group of four,
walking continuously-

we visited the beautiful fort proper-
converted in a museum.
The carved windows have been shown in many movies,
but seeing them in reality brought both astonishment and praise.
Golden sandstone, available locally has been used to build the fort,
and blends well with the landscape.
It is indeed hard to imagine this fort-
rising from the desert-
in any other colour but that of gold.

narrow lanes became too clumsy for us to continue cycling,
and after locking them,
we climbed the stairs to reach a fort top cafe,
and enjoyed the view of the town over coffee.
What better way to spend a December morning?

Moving out,
we skipped the patwa ki haveli,
and moved to our friend’s hotel for lunch.

There were places around Jaisalmer which could be visited,
and all of us-
Me, Om, Mayank and our host, with his driver,
drove towards Sam sand dunes.

Today we were having a ‘luxurious’ day-
the early morning bus ride,
the touristy visit to the fort,
and now-
this car ride to Sam and beyond.
Our first stop was Lodruwa-
a village that has beautiful Jain temples.
designs like this were never seen by us.
Uniquely made arches, carved in the golden sandstone of the desert.
The different statues of Bhagwan Mahavir were divine- indeed.
Places like Lodruwa are a pleasant surprise-
you find them serendipitously, and they amaze you on being discovered.
here onwards, we bypassed the abandoned village of Kuldhara-
where the Paliwal Bhahmins had abandoned their village overnight to escape the wrath of the ruler of Jaisalmer.

The next destination was the Desert National Park-
the search for the most endangered Indian bird-
The Great Indian Bustard.

Only a few of these large birds survive today,
latest estimate puts them to around 256 individuals,
most of them in a tiny grassy landscape called the Sudashri enclave of DNP (Desert national park)
This is actually a wildlife sanctuary,
and why it came to be known as a National park is a story of wrong transpaltion.
It was originally- Rashtriya Maru Udyaaan-
to be translated as National Desert park-
The Hindi name is still Rashtriya maru Udyaan,
but in English,
it started being called a national park,
inspite of not being one.

We reached Sudashri enclave,
and started looking for the Godawan- the Great Indian Bustard (GIB),
as if this shy bird was waiting for us to show itself.
Sightings are common only in summer months,
when the male makes a nest under a shady tree.
These are the last few remaining birds,
critically endangered,
and are unlikely to survive for a long time.

This bird has even been hunted,
and its habitat has shrunken a lot.
today, the last remaining individuals survive,
in a few enclaves of grassland- like sudashri.
Unable to see anything,
we retreated,
and caught a chinkara leaping away on seeing us.
The destination now was the famed sand dunes of Sam.

We were again chasing the sun-
expecting to catch it before it left us.
The chase today was on a car,
and our competitors were local camels,
which were also being goaded by their riders to reach Sam and cater to the tourists.
We managed to win the race this time,
and caught the beautiful sunset on the dunes.
SAM- the dunes here are definitely worth the time and money that one spends to reach here.
Devoid of any foliage,
the fine sands here are a delightful sight.
We were from the desert ourselves,
but could not resist taking the camel ride.
Riding the ship of the desert in these dunes awakened the child in us,
and small things like racing with another camel,
and getting fearful of the camel when it descended down the dunes came naturally.
after the short ride,
four of us spent some quiet moments alone.
It was dark now,
and the cool sand was inviting-
I could have slept there-
on the other side of the road,
at a distance,
there were performances of local music and dance for the tourists.
since it was late in the night-
the dunes were left to us,
and no one else.
every passing minute made the driver more restless,
as he had to return to his family-
a family man has his own strings attached,
pulling him.
we got together-
arousing everyone from their respective slumber/ contemplation,
and moved towards the car,
to start the uneventful journey towards Jaisalmer.

back in town,
two of us- me and Om-
went to Shri Karan Singh,
DFO, incharge of Desert National Park- known through a mutual contact- courtesy Om,
to stay at his place for the night.
He lived a simple life,
and was happy to see us.
We introduced ourselves and talked for a while.
He was happy to see us,
and we were happy by his informality and simplicity.
he talked less.
In the cold December night,
in Jaisalmer,
we hit the bed- different everytime,
and thus passed another day,
by His grace.

Beyond Jaisalmer- towards Barmer:
We departed early,
and Karan Singhji told us to wait at Akal Wood Fossil Park,
15 kilometres on the Barmer highway,
for him to come there and show us around.

Me and Om waited for Mayank to join us,
his thighs were better now,
after the rest from cycling that we had the day before.
15 kilometres passed in less than an hour,
and we saw the gates of Akal Wood Fossil Park on our right.
we slowed down the cycles and knocked the gates,
‘Karan Singhji has sent us, please open the gates’- one of us told the guard.
few visitors came here,
and during our stay for the next couple of hours, we say none.
Karan Singhji arrived,
and in his jeep,
we took a tour of the park.
It is surrounded by a boundary wall,
inside which-
many wood fossils are preserved in-situ.
‘looks like wood, feels like stone’
in a wood fossil, the structure is remarkably preserved as silica replaces the cellulose.
slowly, over a period od time,
in very few cases,
the wood does not get decomposed, but fossilizes.
the entire logs that we could see,
some of them many metres long-
were all essentially stone-
that had taken the shape of wood-
replacing its content- but maintaining its exact structure.
there were few watering holes for the birds and wildlife,
and footprints of a chinkara were testimony that these were being used.
the guard there brought a bag filled with fossils to display.
we laid them on a white sheet of plastic,
and this was for the first time that I was touching, and feeling fossils,
trying to decipher their origin,
hypothesising if a pointed fossil was a tooth or a bone,
and a round object was an egg or a seed.
Thus, I was so novice that I did not even know if a particular object belonged to the animal or plant kingdom.
Anyways, Karan Singhji had brought lunch for us,
and three of us had a sumptuous meal.
he told us whatever he knew about the wood fossils,
and we added our tit-bits.
he had arranged our night stay at Fatehgarh,
around 40 kilometres away,
and soon, we departed after saying our goodbyes.
Akal Fossil park was another surprise discovery-
none of us knew it existed,
neither did we depart to come here-
but we were brought here.

From Akal,
we moved towards Fatehgarh.

A question came to us-
many times.
What were we doing exactly.
We were not on a mission.
We were not sent by any NGO/ Company.
We had no particular motive.
What were we doing?

We were just travelling.

I was asked many times-
‘what is your mission?’

the answer varied depending on the person who was asking.
and for those who I came particularly close to-
the answer was- there is no mission.
We were not bringing any change to the society,
in an obvious way.
We did influence those who met us,
we left a memory-
a fresh breath of life-
some difference from the routine.
The ‘yatra’ for us was a part of life that exists always in the background-
as ‘those days’.
It firmed my belief- that people are good,
helpful to those in need,
no matter what their individual circumstances are.
We went to the villages of India,
stayed there,
as finding a place to stay in the city-
without paying for it, is impossible.
Not that we could not afford an accommodation where we went,
but that was not what we were looking for.
Those people who welcomed us in their homes-
without knowing us,
without expecting anything,
and shared their lives with us,
are now etched in our memory.
had it not been this yatra, I would have not met them,
not seen this country in its raw form,
and not enjoyed ‘His’ grace.
we escaped from the routine of life-
to live each day,
being surprised every moment.
They ask me to concentrate,
they want me to get focussed.
I find myself scattered,
Akin to the gentle breeze,
that carries fragrance of the full bloom, directionless, and seemingly aimless,
I spread happiness everywhere.
Yet, they ask me to focus.
and focus into a gale,
still concentrate further,
turning into a hurricane.
I wish to move directionless,
like the gentle rivulet formed after a rain,
changing directions, and loosing myself in the soil,
while giving life.
they want me to focus,
into what?
a flash flood or a tsunami?
They say-
focus is not that bad.
the lens focuses sunlight to create fire,
a LASER is focused par-excellence.
I wonder-
though focused par-excellence,
it still derives fame from its ability to destroy,
like the focused sunlight which heats and burns.
No denial that one needs to focus,
for not even an eye-lid could blink without movement of all muscle fibers in a single direction.
focus on a collective goal can accomplish the super-human, the herculean.
In that focused world,
Oh benevolent,
bless me with randomness,
carry me with the flow,
pull me in all directions,
this world does not lack in those who are focused,
but in those who consciously and knowingly de-focus, and dissipate.
Even nature shows us at times how to diffuse,
to scatter, to dissolve.
Not that focusing is a bane,
and being directionless a God-sent boon to the select few,
but, even the opposite of this is not true.
So, in this focused world Oh Lord,
send me with an excess of randomness,
Ready I am,
to risk being termed directionless,
if that makes them introspect on their own directions,
but all this is not a self-less service by me,
because Oh Lord, my creator,
I know that many of the important discoveries in my times,
were done not in a focused state of mind,
but by an act of serendipity.

The ‘why’ of this journey drove us into contemplation,

and even arguments among ourselves.

But coming back to the National Highway to Barmer-
the destination of the day was Fatehgarh.
Enroute, we entered High wind territory again,
with giant windmills making a ‘zoon zoon zoon’ sound as their blades turned.
The wind was making our journey difficult as well,
confronting us not from the front,
but pushing us side ways.
After a while, we asked for the office of Suzlon energy,
hoping to find some energetic food over there,
and to know more about wind-power.

It was a detour of two kilometres on the dirt track,
and we risked tube punctures,
in this ‘Prosopis juliflora’ (keekar, vilayati babool) territory.
on reaching the office, we told our story,
and were welcomed in.
This was a local office of Suzlon energy,
and managed the windpower from the huge windmills in the surrounding.
Some of these were 2.4 megawatt capacity each,
which is impressive.
He told, happily- ‘the wind speed today is good,
generation is high’
We smiled back, though sad, as we were the victims, not the beneficiaries.
He told- ‘this mill is owned by Aishwarya, and that by Sachin’
‘Each turn of the blade generated power worth Rs 6.’
I looked around to see the mission and vision statement of the company.
The control room gave information on how each of the mill was performaing,
and if there was any technical malfunction.
After tea,
or butter milk, or both- I can’t recall,
it was time to move ahead and face the wind.
But before,
we were told that a mill was dismantled due to breakdown,
and we went up close to see it.

Then we came to know about its HUGE size.
on ground,
each of the blades was around 60 metres long.
One can walk upright inside the socket where the blade joins its hub.
Thus, amazed,
we moved ahead,
to join the road again.
Riding a cycle on a highway is not easy,
and it is only on empty highways like this one,
that we were able to crawl-
when compared to the speeding motorised modes of transport.
A caracass of dead female possibly pregnant neelgai was seen,
making me sad.
We had lost contact with each other,
and I did not know whether I was ahead of Om or behind,
as I had visited a Primary Health Centre enroute,
only to meet the doctor posted there.

I continued to cycle,
late in the evening,
reached Fateh Garh-
meeting Om at near the Fort.
we decided to visit the SDM,
and Mayank was going to meet us there.
The SDM was young,
and had little to do in this remote town.
He was preparing for Civil services,
and there we found common ground.
Later, a few months after our visit,
He got selected in the famous TV show- Kaun Banega Crorepati,
but I don’t know how far he went.
After some conversation,
we left for our host,
who was working with the forest department.
He stayed alone,
and was recruited in the department by legendary Fateh Singh Rathore- the Tiger man.
He had also worked in Desert National Park,
and told us stories of some VIP visits,
thus it was turning out to be a nice evening,
as each of us took turns to bath with the warm water,
and the remaining heard the stories.
Dinner was at a local dhaba-
the only one in Fateh Garh.
The night grew darker,
and we hit our respective beds.
thus passed another day,
on a different bed,
by His grace.

The next morning, we got up around 6 am,
Fateh Garh has its fort which lies in ruins,
its bastion walls crumbling.
Cycling around it,
we reached the highway.
The destination was Barmer,
where Om had a friend.
We cycled,
cruising at good speeds.
The wind somehow favoured us,
and by afternoon we had covered a distance of 50 kms.
Enroute, we passed a Community health centre at Shiv town,
and the doctor there happened to be from my hometown.
The population in this area was too sparse,
and long stretches passed before we came to a village.
Even towns were not too large,
with a few odd shops,
and few places to eat.
I don’t remember if we had lunch or not,
but we had covered 64 kilometres by 4 pm,
and stopped at the Primary Health Centre at a place called Bhadkha.
A young doctor was treating patients in the evening OPD,
and I stood patiently as he was listening to his patients.
When I told him about myself,
he was happy and surprised,
and asked us to bring our cycles to his quarters.
I called Om and Mayank,
and three of us went to the adjacent Doctor’s quarters,
where our host- Dr Narendra, lived with another doctor, who was away.
He arrived soon after his OPD,
and we talked.
I am a doctor,
and he was happy to see us.
Om is an engineer from BITS Pilani,
Mayank an MBA from IMT.
Thus, big names of the alma-mater make people wonder what makes us do such things.
Doctor asked us to stay with him,
and there was still some daylight left.
Yet, he felt so friendly,
that we called it a day.
Leisurely activities- including shaving, laundry etc followed,
and by the evening, the party was set.
He had ordered lots of liquor,
despite our insistent request that all of us were teetotallers,
and would not drink.
To me, his offer was an order,
yet I tried to persuade him.
Finally, with a dinner of lots of fruit, and a sumptuous meal,
with tea as the drink for three of us,
we hit the bed.
Meanwhile, we came to know that we had a friend posted in nearby Mangala Processing terminal-
A crude oil processing centre under Cairn energy,
and decided to pay a visit.

The next few hours were going to be memorable-
not necessarily for a good reason.

We were glad to find a friend in the middle of this desert,
and took the dirt track towards Mangla Processing Terminal.
Barmer region is rich in oil,
20% of India’s crude oil is extracted here,
and all of it is sent to Salaya in Gujarat,
and refined by Reliance and Essar.
Barmer crude is very waxy, with high sulphur content,
and needs to be processed and heated before pumping through the pipeline-
this is what is done at Mangla Processing Terminal (MPT)
We crossed a sandy dirt track- with intermittent patches of road,
in the direction on MPT, guided by the locals.
school children on their way to school met us,
and Om and Mayank stopped at a school to spend some time with them.
I moved ahead and stopped at another school,
to interact with the principal and teachers,
and know what cairn was doing as a part of its CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) activities.
The headmaster was receptive,
and the conversation fruitful.
Moving ahead, we interacted with a local working at the plant- in maintenance-
who had his own story on how he had reached a good position in Cairn,
by working hard and climbing his was up from basic literacy,
and earning a decent salary now.
But we were to meet our friend,
who was not attending the phone now.
Finally, after managing to ride through the difficult sandy patches,
we reached the staff residences of Cairn Employee,
and sent for our friend,
who was a senior engineer here.
He was woken up,
and came down.
A brief conversation followed,
and he told that visitors were not allowed in Cairn.
after a short while,
we said our goodbyes,
and he retired to his room.

In that afternoon,
we were now stranded in the middle of nowhere.
There was no sense of coming this for if we did not see the processing terminal.
Also, the road behind was bad,
and our day would have been wasted had we returned from here.
meanwhile, me and Om had a discussion on the better nature of doctors versus engineers,
proved by the stupidity and lack of basic etiquette by this mutual friend of ours.
He could have told that the entry was not allowed,
and spared us the effort of coming there.
Also, he did not care on how we were going to get out from there.
He was an engineer, that too someone who was known to us.
And on the previous day,
we had been treated so well by a doctor,
this prompted me to declare that doctors were better Humans,
though in light sense.
Om took it to heart,
and then used his contacts to get an entry in Mangla.
He had been an officer in Indian Oil,
and knew someone who had worked in Mangla on a senior post.
Finally, after some calls, we were given the permission,
for which Om had put a lot of effort- I must confess.
Triumphantly, we reached the back gate,
to be told that visitors could enter only from the front gate.
The next hour was very troubling.
We had to take a detour, and move along the perimetre of the plant,
on a very sandy track where even wide tires sunk.
Our cycles could not negotiate the path,
and had to be dragged.
The path had thorns of Prosopis,
and it was a difficult patch.
Somehow, we reached the front gate,
and entered the plant after a thorough verification and security check.
Cairn was very particular about safety.
Our cycle journey was our liscence,
because of which the permission was granted.
On entering,
safety jackets and shoes were issued to us,
and a demonstration was shown about safety,
telling us what Not to do.
On entering the premisis,
which had all amenities in the middle of the desert,
we met a senior official,
who admired our will to cycle,
and said that he would also try to use the cycle.
The staff stayed at Barmer town,
around 30 kilometres away,
and it was getting dark.
So, we were permitted to have a quick look at the terminal.
A chemical engineer accompanied us in a battery operated vehicle,
and the colours of evening provided a perfect orange backdrop for a photograph of the plant,
but- photography was prohibited and I could capture the scene only in my eyes.
We were told that a few days ago, even the district collector’s guests were not permitted to visit the plant,
and we felt happy hearing this.
The problem was that it was already dark when we came out,
and found our cycle pump missing.
someone had stolen it,
but we had to move on.
Barmer was more than 30 kilometres from here,
and it was already dark by the time we started pedalling.
having no other option,
we moved on.
30 kilometres on cycle is not a small distance,
and we were already tired by dragging our cycles in the sand.
The road now was good,
starting at Mangla terminal,
leading to the highway.
we joined the jodhpur- Barmer Highway near Kawas- a town which was flooded a few years ago by heavy rains.
Effects of climate change- floods in the desert.
riding on the Highway was difficult now,
due to the traffic.
Somehow, we reached a town called Uttarlai,
which has an underground air force base.
It was time for dinner,
and we had our meal at a ‘dhaba’.
This was among the few times that we paid for our dinner.
Moving ahead,
we cycled into Barmer,
and Om’s friend was waiting there for us.
He was a veterinary doctor,
and we updated him about our journey till now.
He had accommodated us with his friend,
and bid us goodbye,
to meet the next day.

Om was fed up by the journey.
It was a good experience for him,
but he was not getting the point of tiring oneself by this yatra,
and nothing substantial was being achieved.
Thus, we advised him to take the return train from Barmer to Delhi.
Meanwhile, we retired to bed,
not knowing what would happen the next day.
It was not a good day today,
but finally,
we had roof over our head,
and our stomachs were full,
and thus passed another day,
by his grace.

Barmer is called the Thar city,
it was a small town till oil was discovered here,
and then, everything changed.
Property rates increased by leaps and bounds,
and home rents sky rocketed,
as the employees of Cairn needed accommodation.
A refinery has been announced for the town now,
and it would turn this twon into a bustling city.
Narmada waters have reached nearby sanchore town,
and will reach Barmer soon,
when the canal is extended.
this is a place that has a promising future.
We bid Om a farewell after having breakfast at his friend’s house.
Minor repairs were carried out on the cycle,
and we moved on,
towards Sanchore.

We were moving towards Gujarat,
after having spent many days in Rajasthan.
There were two of us now- Me and Mayank.
The question of where we were going any why came to us as well,
but we continued.
Sanchore- the next town was 132 kilometres.
This day was probably the most uneventful during the journey,
and there was no town for a long distance.
Where did we have our lunch?
It was at a roadside dhaba,
where truck drivers stop for their meals.
This meal was devoid of any hospitality and love-
of requests and cajoles to eat more.
Were we passing through an ebb?
We had our good moments as well,
when a truck driver sitting with us for lunch,
who had been a national player,
told us how much he admired our effort.
Also, we got reflecting stickers from a motor service station,
to stick on the bikes and be visible in the night,
thus avoiding getting knocked down.
we needed a real push to continue pedaling.
Anyways, coming back to the road,
we had started cycling around noon this day,
and managed to cover 50 kilometres by dusk,
when we got a call from Om’s friend’s friend,
who told that our night stay was arranged 10 kilometre ahead of where we were,
in a village called – ‘surte ki beri’
Om was away from us,
but yet was worried regarding our well being.
We were told that a person would receive us and take us to his farm,
where we could stay.
The last few kilometres were covered after dusk.
This was all desert territory,
few people, very saline water, and just trucks on the road.
Our host came to receive us,
and we moved to his house.

They were four brothers,
staying together in the village,
Om’s friend’s friend was a business man,
and one of these brothers worked for him.
We were happy to be here,
and talked a lot,
specially Mayank was conversing more.
They came up with the issues they face,
and their views.
The food helped us to overcome the blandness of the day,
and outside, the sky was full of stars.
It was a clear winter sky.
December is a cold month in the desert,
and we got inside,
in the comfort of the quilt,
to retreat into slumber,
and thus passed another day,
by His grace.

In December,
one gets around 12 hours of day-light,
including dawn and dusk.
we spent around 6 hours cycling,
and the remaining time in rest or meeting people.
This day began with the daily ablutions,
to be performed in the open.
majority of the time,
we did not find a sanitary latrine at the place of our stay,
and acceptability for the same is less in India.
specially in the villages,
having a toilet is an exception,
than a norm.
This day was no different.
After some breakfast,
we moved on,
and crossed the town of Dhorimanna soon.
I called one of my juniors from college,
who belonged to this area,
and his best friend was located in Sanchore- the town which was on our route.
His home became our destination for the day.
It was at a distance of 80 kilometres from where we had started,
and God willing,
we expected to reach there by evening.
This was National highway No. 15,
and we had been riding it for 400 kilometres now-
starting at Ramdevra, moving to Jaisalmer, and now towards Sanchore in Jalore district.
We had taken some detours-
first at Bhadariya, to visit the Bhadariya Temple and library,
then to Tanot near the Pakistan Border,
and the difficult detour to Mangla Crude Oil Processing Terminal before Barmer.
But we had to return to the Highway to continue our journey.
We were to continue following this highway for some time,
as it would usher us into Gujarat.
As we entered Jalore district, leaving behind Barmer,
the road worsened.
Jalore is a backward district,
despite being wetter than its counterparts in the desert.
Yet, it lacks education.
It has the least literacy rate in Rajasthan,
and female education is uncommon.
Though we were on a national Highway-
its condition worsened as we entered Jalore district,
but not knowing how long the road condition would persist,
we continued to pedal.
Shortly, we crossed the Narmada canal,
which brought the elixir of life to the desert.
narmada water is fresh and clean,
even upto Bharuch,
after which it joins the sea.
Thus, me and Mayank washed ourselves in the clear water,
which had covered a long distance to reach there.
A few kilometres ahead,
came a sight that I was glad to see.
A bridge, and a river.
‘She’ was Luni-
I had only heard about her-
the river of Rajasthan-
which lost herself in its sands.
I was expecting a tiny nullah,
but was surprised to see a green river bed,
with pools of stagnant water.
It was a vibrant ecosystem,
with lots of migratory birds,
and plenty of food for them.
Tall grass grew in the river bed,
and later on satellite imagery-
I saw that this was the widest and wettest point in the Luni River course,
as just before it,
it was joined by a tributary,
and a dam just ahead of this point prevented the water from flowing ahead.
There was no flowing water at all,
just some pools of it,
but they were not lost in the desert sand.
This is the satellite imagery.

After having seen her to my full satisfaction,
I moved ahead towards Sanchore.
Bad road, and an uneventful ride,
with increased traffic as we had left areas of low population density.
By evening, we were at Sanchore,
reaching our host’s house, guided by his brother.
This was a Bishnoi family,
and we were staying with Bishnois for the first time.
It consisted of two brothers, one of them married,
and parents.
My junior was a good friend of the elder brother,
and the younger one became a good friend of ours.
Bishnois have 29 rules laid down by their teacher- Guru Jambheshwar,
many of which are concerned with protecting the environment and wildlife.
Thus, even neelgai freely graze in fields of Bishnois,
sometimes damaging the crops.
The house was situated outside sanchore,
in a rural setting.
We had a bath,
and conversed with the family.
Uncle was a teacher,
and knew the importance of education.
Their daughter-in-law was a graduate,
an achievement in that society.
All of us talked for a long time.
The younger brother was a delightful company-
sometimes making more sense than any of us.
Food of course is delicious in such settings,
and I realised that I had grown fond of Bajra-
a coarse grain-
which helped after the tiring cycle ride.
I relished having it With lots of ghee and curd or milk,
Everyone got up before 5 am in this house,
and we told them to wake us up as well.
5 am in December is too early,
but we consented to be a part of the morning walk the next day with uncle and our friend.

Sleep came easily as we hit the bed,
and thus passed another day,
by his grace.

5 am,
the next day,
we wake up and leave for the morning walk.
Its cold and dark outside,
but the energy derived from inside after moving some distance keeps us warm.
Soon after returning,
and some breakfast,
we leave towards Pathmeda-
a short detour from our journey-
to a large cow-shelter or goshala.
Pathmeda is called a ‘go-teerth’ or cow-pilgrimage destination.
The cow is revered here,
and thousands of them are taken care of here.
It is a unique place,
where not just old cows,
but those with diseased limbs,
blind ones and those with tumors or large boils are taken care.
The cows belong to Indian breeds- mainly Konkrej, Sanchori and Nagori.
Their milk is much better than that of the Foreign breeds,
but the yield from Indian varieties is low.
The place is well managed,
and it takes an hour to take a round of the premises.
There is a temple,
and the Maharaj who started this initiative is still here to guide its progress.
There is a separate goshala for the bulls as wel,
a few kilometres away.
We saw the veterinary Operation Theatre, and special X ray machines.
These people were taking their work seriously, it seemed.
WE talked to a person in the administration,
who told us about the history of the place.
They have several go-shalas under them in Rajasthan and Gujarat.
Pathmeda now happens to be the headquarter,
though there are even larger go-shalas under its fold.
Maharaj has his personal cow- called Surbhi, which is worshipped and taken special care of.
We saw her too.

From here, we moved on towards the Milk processing factory,
reaching there by 11 am.
the milk was procured from the go-shala and nearby villages.
Ghee from here was in great demand,
and it was the real Desi ghee- from Desi cows,
having its natural yellow colour.
Aftr extracting ghee,
the remaining milk was mixed with some milk powder- to form re-constituted milk.
There were separate rooms where sweets including ras-gullas and pedas were being made,
and we bought some of them.
we moved on from here towards National Highway 15,
and stopped briefly at the school where our host was posted as a teacher.
The principal and other teachers were happy to see us,
and we moved on after some chit chat.

After so man days,
we were going to cross into another state.
A large board welcomed us into Gujarat,
and another one thanked us for having come to Rajasthan.
The securit checkpost was on both sides,
but our cycles zoomed ahead.
I stopped at some distance to bid farewell to Rajasthan,
and capture some images,
and we were excited on looking at the smooth roads of Gujarat.
Our speed increased and we reached a village quickly.
There was a Primary Health Centre and I went in looking for the doctor.
There was none.
The staff nurse knew nothing but Gujarati,
and after a vain attempt of trying to converse with her, I returned.
Soon, the road too turned worse than what I had left in Rajasthan.
It seems that just the initial 3 kilometre stretch of road was in a good condition.
We moved ahead, as it got dark,
and passed what looked like a temple.
With hope, we entered it, and met the caretaker.
the place was under construction,
and we could not be accommodated.
Also, though Rajasthan was just a few kilometres away,
the attitude of people here was very different.
Probably we did not meet the real ‘locals’.
After a short distance, we stopped at a dhaba,
for dinner.
We were in no mood to travel ahead,
and there was no expectation of finding a better place.
So, under the open sky,
in our sleeping bags,
both of us slept at the Dhaba after locking our cycles together.
This was our first night in Gujarat during this journey,
and the first impression was not a good one.
Things would change with time,
and with that hope, we slept there on that December night.
Thus, passed another day,
and we reached Gujarat,
By his grace.

The next day was our first full day in Gujarat,
and there was no option but to cycle ahead.
We were not sure of where we were going,
and that becomes a challenge when roads divide.
If we were to move southwards into Maharashtra, we were supposed to move Eastwards.
If our destination was the kathiawar peninsula. we were to continue straight,
but if we were to visit Kutch,
the road to going westwards was to be taken.
This decision was postponed as of now- as we could safely proceed till Tharad- the next town.

At Tharad, I purchased a Gujarat Road Atlas.
I could not get one in Hindi or English,
and had to buy the Gujarati one-
guessing names of the places by common sense,
and asking people to read the maps for me where I faltered.
From here, I intended to go towards Kutch, and Mayank towards Kathiawar.
We could still go on together for some distance and decide later.

Together, we cycled on one of the worst roads of Gujarat-
though it was a National highway in the map,
it is a damaged road strewn with stones from the size of gritty sand to pebbles and boulders.
It was a desolate territory,
near the border,
and with few places where we could stop for some refreshment.
Gujarat was testing us,
and nothing ‘good’ had happened till now.
We did not even have prior contacts here,
and making new ones was appearing difficult.
Still somehow, we continued.
Even finding water was becoming difficult,
and we found a water pot placed by BSF men near their camp.
Having quenched our thirst,
we went inside the camp to meet its occupants,
and were greeted by two men, on duty.
they asked us to rest for a while,
till our mobiles got charged,
and we complied.
Another large BSF camp was located at a short distance,
and border was less than 20 kilometres from where we were cycling.
Continuing on the empty road,
by dusk, we reached a Primary health centre in a village called Zazam.
Doctors are never available on PHCs in Gujarat.
Expecting one here would have been a folly,
but we found the compounder who was the whole and sole here.
He dispensed medicines, filled registers, managed salaries, and medical stocks.
There were few quarters behind the PHC where the staff nurse, and some school teachers lived.
The compounder was our only hope as a host today,
and before we asked him,
he offered us to stay with him.
Before he could change his mind,
we brought our luggage and moved with him to his quarter.
we talked a lot while cooking food,
all of us joined in,
and the meal was ready.
He was happy to see us,
and our praise added to his happiness.
He told that the people in Gujarat are rich,
they don’t mind taking the patient to the city,
and thus, no doctor stayed at the PHC.
It could even be the other way round-
because no doctor stayed at the PHC,
patients went to the city,
and not everyone was rich to afford a vehicle in emergency.
Anyways, he had been kind to host us,
and was at least staying here in this remoteness.
He told us about a large solar plant in Charanka.
This is what wikipedia says about the site-

The largest site within the Gujarat Solar Park is being built on a 2,000-hectare (4,900-acre) plot of land near Charanka village in Patan district, northern Gujarat. This hosts about 19 different projects by different developers. On 19 April 2012, a total of 214 megawatts (287,000 hp) had been commissioned.[43] It also became the world’s second largest photovoltaic power station. When fully built out, the Charanka Solar Park will host 500 MW of solar power systems using state-of-the-art thin film technology, and should be finished by the end of 2014.[3] The investment cost for the Charanka solar park amounts to some US$280 million.[3] Construction began on December 3, 2010.

Otherwise, reaching Charanka is a difficult task,
but we had come very near just by chance,
and thus, planned to visit the park next day.
We collected some medecines to dispense to those in need,
and with a full stomach,
hit the bed.
It had been a hectic day,
specially the long ride on the bad road.
Thus, sleep came early,
and thus passed another day,
by His grace.

Charanka was around 20 kilometres away,
and after some photographs with our host,
we continued our journey,
to reach to Solar Park.
I was imbibing some Gujarati words,
mixing them with Rajasthani and Marathi vocabulary that I already had with me.
This is the location of the road from Zazam to Charanka Solar park,
with only one village- by the name Fangli, on the route.
This is a very dry territory,
and lies just south of the Rann.
The land of solar park was waste land,
and the disadvantage-
of intense heat, no rain has been a boon-
maiking it a good location for the Solar Park.
Though it was December-
we still felt warm in the day.
I could not imagine coming here during summers.

We entered through the large gates of the Solar park,
and were impressed by what we could see.
there were few people to tell us where to go,
and nobody to stop us.
So, we headed straight to the office,
and introduced ourselves to the engineer/ manager-
who was just a few years older than us.
He told us about the park-
how it was established in a record time,
and the Solar Policy of India and Gujarat government.
Those completing the work in record time were paid 9 Rs per unit for the electricity,
while those taking more time a much lesser amount.
The government provided the land, and transmission facilities,
and the companies established their plants.
There were incentives in green energy,
as Renewable energy certificates can be traded.
It is mandatory to have at least 5% electricity generation from renewable sources (solar, wind, biomass),
and states failing to do so have to buy such certificates from states producing surplus renewable energy.
Gujarat is the leading state in renewable energy,
and Charanka Solar Park is currently the largest Solar plant of the country.
Here, multinational companies, as well as people who had come together-
formed their own solar power company,
and established many 5 MW plants on plots of land in the park.
The capacity at that time was 225 MW,
to be increased to 500 MW.
This whole plant could be managed and run by a few men,
many of them unskilled ones needed for cleaning the solar plates to remove the dust.
Thus, once established, the running cost of a solar plant was very low.
we were taken on a jeep tour of the plant,
and there is a watch tower,
six stories high,
from where the whole plant can be seen.
There is a 2.4 MW wind mill as well,
and it was locked,
else we could have got a chance to get inside.
local rainwater harvesting structures were constructed,
because this area was very dry,
and in 2012, the same year,
there had been a severe drought in this area.
After lunch,
we thanked our friend for his hospitality.
The stay in Gujarat was turning better,
and we moved on.
I had told Mayank about my intention of going towards Kutch,
and after a short distance,
I was told of a dirt track that led into the Rann.
Mayank was to move towards Kathiawar,
and we parted ways,
to meet after a few days,
in Ahmedabad.

The landscape was changing,
though the soil was good,
and fertile,
water was scarce.
I moved on towards a village called Vauva,
after passing through many small ones- Datrana, Bakutra, Dhokavda.
I was riding alone after a long time,
and did not know what lay ahead.
I was planning to cross the Rann,
and enter Kutch.
Vouva was the last village before the Rann,
and I asked for the way.
The villagers were reluctant to let me proceed at this time,
but there was still 2 hours of daylight left,
and they told me the way.
For the next two hours,
I lost myself in the sands,
dragging my cycle on one of the dirt track,
to return back everytime,
unable to find my way.
There was no one there who I could ask,
and thus I returned.
Near the village, I was shown the right way again,
and asked to board a tractor which was going on the other side.
The tractor driver got into an arguement with a guy who was accompanying him,
and decided to turn back,
leaving me stranded there.
He had covered a distance of less than a kilometre,
but I decided to continue,
and spend the night at the BSF post, which was 7 kilometres away,
on this side of the Rann.
The sun had set by the time I reached the post,
but there, I was denied permission to stay.
It was against their rules,
and they could not let me stay there,
which was justified.
I had no potion,
but to cross the Rann,
which is nothing but a flat land extending into endlessness,
without roads,
and with dirt tracks that end suddenly or bifurcate, or criss cross each other.
I was told that I had to follow the light that came from the distant BSF camp on the other side,
and keep moving.
this is how I entered Kutch,
to begin my next leg of the journey-

Kutch- By Cycle.

Answer Key- UPSC CSE Prelims 2013 Paper 1

Paper code C

1) Parliamentary Committee on public accounts- b) 2 and 3 only

2) Bhakti Saints during Babur- Guru Nanak, B) 2 only

3) Food Chains – decomposers- b) Fungi and bacteria

4) Fishing grounds occur where- c) Cold and warm currents meet.

5) UNIQUE characteristic of Equitorial forests- c) 2 and 3 only (large number of species is not unique to equitorial forests)

6) Capital Accounts constitute- b) 1, 2, 4

7) Historical places with mural paintings: b) 1 and 2 only

8) Sankhya Philosophy- b) 2 only

9) parliamentary government- a) 1 and 2 only

10) Annual Range of temperature is more in continental interiors because- a) 1 only

11) Indian Coal- c) 1 and 3 only

12) laterite soil- c) 1 and 4

13) b) 2 only Mica in Koderma

14) kharif crops- c) 1,2 and 3

15) Climate extreme, scanty rainfall- b) Central Asian Steppe

16) inflation benefits- a) Debtors

17) Disguised unemployment means- d) Low productivity and c) Marginal productivity is zero.

18) c) 1 and 3 only

19) d) 1,2 and 3 only or b) 2 and 3 only

20) b) 2 only

21) c) both 1 and 2

22) Thunderstorm is produced by-c) 1 and 3

23) tribal pairs- a) 1 and 3 only

24) liquidity – d) 4,1,3,2

25) Open Market operations- c) Sale and Purchase of securities by RBI

26) d) all of the above

27) d) thermal power

28) Demographic dividend- a) Skill development

29) Tribhanga- a) Three bends

30) Annie besant- c) 1 and 3 only

31) Ilbert Bill- c) Indian magistrates try Europeans

32) Rise in prices caused by – d)1,2, and 3

33) FOREX reserves- b) Foreign Currency, Gold, SDR

34) Most inflationary- d) Create new money to finance budget deficit

35) Supply of money same, increased demand- b) Increased rate of interest.

36) Fruits in cold storage- c) Decreased rate of inspiration.

37) endangered- either a) or c) depending on whether swamp deer is included.

38) Ball bearing- c) Reduce effective contact area

39) optical illusions- c) 1,2, and 4

40) Rainbow- d) 1,2 and 3

41) transplanted seedlings don’t grow because: c) Root hair are lost

42) Economic growth will occur if- c) Capital formation occurs

43) Correct statement- a) 1 only

44) Leaf modification in deserts- d) 1, 2 and 3

45) a) Gravity is strongest

46) Higgs Boson- ?

47) Mycorrhiza in degraded soil- d) 1,2 3

48)  National development Council- 1,3,4

49) National Income- a) Total goods and services produced by nationals

50) Credit assistance to rural households- c) 1 and 3

51) Money bill-a) Lok Sabha may reject the recommendations of Rajya Sabha.

52) Correct statement- c) no process for removal of governor mentioned in the constitution

53) Correctly matched- b) Atlas mountains

54) Rock cut cave architecture- c) 3 only (by Asoka, not Chandragupta)

55) Recombinant DNA technology- d) 1,2,3

56) Hiuen Tsang- b) 2 and 3 only

57) naturally found in India- 1, 2, 3 only

58) Pollutants in Drinking water- c) 1,3 and 5

59) Constituent assembly- c) elected by Provincial Assemblies.

60) mammals- b) 1 and 3

61) Amendment bill- d) Neither 1 nor 2

62) Attorney general- c) 1,2 and 3

63) Sugar Industry- c) 1 and 3

64) Seasons due to- d) tilted axis

65) narmada flows East to West due to- a) 1 only

66) c) Exists as groundwater

67) a) 1 only

68) Dynamic changes are caused by- ? (c- 2,4,5,6)

69) d) 1,2,3

70) Tebhaga Movement-a) land revenue half to one third

71) d) without state’s consent

72) Grasslands- c) water limits and fire

73) Decreasing productivity- c) mangroves, grasslands, lakes, oceans.

74) Contour bunding- d) none

75) PESA- c) Autonomous regions in tribal areas

76)  d) Gram Sabha

77) Aflatoxin- c) Moulds

78) Economic Justice- b) Preambe and directive principles

79) E waste- b)

80) acid rain- d

81) food chain- a) 1 only

82) d) NOne

83) c) Nostoc and spirogyra

84) c)

85) a

86) b

87) a

88) c

89) c

90) b

91) a



सीने में एक ख़ला सी है,

यूँ तो बड़ा मुस्कुराता हूँ,
हरदम गीत गुनगुनता हूँ.
एक टीस फिर भी रहती है दबी सी,
मुझे चीरकर जो बाहर है आना चाहती.
अब और नहीं मैं रुक सकता,
कब तक खुद को बहलाऊँ,
औरों को तो जाने दो,
मैं कब तक खुद को समझाऊं?

ये ख़ला दिनों-दिन बढ़ती जाए,
कोई कब तक दिल को समझाए?

मैं उसी तरह हर पल मचलूँ,
जैसे जल बिन मछली छटपटाए.

ख़ला ये अंदर ज़िंदा रहेगी,
जब तक मैं ना मर जाऊँ,
और हर उठती साँस,
याद दिलाती रहेगी,
कि सीने में एक ख़ला सी है.

A day at Surajkund

The Surajkund fair has gained popularity in recent times,
and grown in scale and substance.
Hence, it was decided to be there, on 6th February, 2013.
The journey began at Shivaji Stadium Bus stand,
and took an unusually long time of 2 hours, because of accumulated rainwater near Badarpur.
On reaching the fair grounds, we straightaway headed towards the ‘chaupal’,
which is the place for artists to perform.
The stage was full of colours, and the awaited ‘braj-ki-holi’ performance was going on.
Holi in the Braj region is famous for many reasons.
This is the land of Lord krishna,
and during Holi, ladies of Barsana- the village of Radha,
hit their men-folk with sticks,
and the men try to save them from the blows by wooden shields.
The same was being depicted. Thereafter, everyone on stage played Holi,
showering flowers on each other, and the audience.
What followed was a folk dance from Gujarat, and a martial art called Thanta, from Manipur.
Shortly afterwards, we headed to the Food Court,
and try delocacies from across the country,
but food at Surajkund is not particularly an incentive to be there,
and one should not expect much in this department, there.
The real reason to be at Srajkund was the opportunity to buy merchandise, specially handicrafts from across the country.
Artisans are encouraged to display their work at Surajkund,
and many of them are famed, award winning artisans.
after an hour, my bag contained Honey from Coorg, a silk kurti from kashmir,
and things made from bamboo.
Karnataka was the focus state this year, and around half of the mela-ground was occupied by artisans, government stalls, replicas of monuments fro karnataka.
A lot of effort was put to make the premises beautiful, and it showed.
After sun-set, we headed towards Natyashaala,
where troupes from Kazakhistan, Tajikistan and South Africa performed.
We took a return bus,
but the next few hours were very arduous.
The journey took more than 2 hours,
and what I saw was among the worst traffic jam in Delhi.
Somehow, we reached home by 11,
and thus, the yearly attendance at Surajkund was marked.


The Holi in Braj:

Braj ki Holi, at Surajkund

A Gujarati Folk performance:




Gujarati Tribal Folk Dance

Jai Ambe maa- Depicting the Godess Amba, in a dance form


Thanta- Manipuri Martial Art, performed by kids, in Surajkund:

Thanta Martial Art- Manipur


A wooden Ganesh on sale, MRP Rs 6,00,000/-


Focus state- Karnataka-


Roasted coffee beans, on display.

Maa Danteshwari gate- an entrance depicting Maa Danteshwari- The Godess of tribals, in Dantewada.


An artist from Kazhakistan

A beautiful Dance performance from Tajikistan:
A fashion show:

From South Africa- Zulu Dance:

The enthusiastic audience:


Sharing the videos, that capture the essence of the visit.
This video depicts an artist singing the National Song of Tajikistan. The artist was engrossed in his performance, and the audience went crazy. You’ll understand why when you have a look.
The ladies from Tajikistan gave this beautiful performance, most gracefully-

A fashion show by Tajik performers:

An enthusiastic Zulu performance, from South Africa:


Holi in Braj:

Kutch- By Cycle

I recently cycled from Delhi to Dandi, Gujarat. During this journey, cycling across Kutch was among the most memorable moments, and hence, penning (typing) them down here.

The name takes me into a different world as soon as I think of it,
Larger than half of the countries on the planet,
including notable ones like the Netherlands, Switzerland, Denmark, Bhutan, Belgium and Taiwan;
and still, administratively, a single district in the state of Gujarat,
geographically, linguistically, historically and culturally diverse within itself, and from outside,
and full of its less known treasures that one serendipitously finds,
this barren- looking landscape has a lot to tell about,
just that one needs to have some patience and time,
which I had in plenty;
destiny brought me here,
and the soil of Kutch took me in its arms,
showing me all the treasures that it held close,
serendipitously, of course.

The story begins in a strange manner though,
but some background information before the actual characters come in.
One may call Kutch an island,
as on all the sides,
it is either surrounded by the Rann- Lesser and Greater,
or the sea, named by humans as the Gulf of Kutch, of the Arabian Sea.
Not long before, the Indus emptied itself here,
and this was a green land;
which, with time, and after upliftment caused by many earthquakes,
has turned into a semi-arid island surrounded by a marshy salt pan- the Rann,
The Rann is not the only characteristic of Kutch,
as there are hills which are ubiqutous,
alongwith grasslands, wetlands and alluvial plains.
how can one forget the coastline,
studded with ports from where sailed ships to Africa, Arabia and beyond.
Crossing the Rann proved perilious for many invaders,
and this land developed its own ways of dealing with the challenges that the nature put on it,
Thus, came up a different way of life,
a different ‘breed’ of not just cattle and camel, but also people,
who took difficulties to their stride,
and excelled wherever they went.
Half of the population resides outside Kutch,
and what remains,
has the last remaining colours of the Kutch of yesteryears.
here is an attempt to present before you,
by His grace,
a journey that make me fall in love with this beautiful land,
and its people,
Kutch, by cycle.

The sun had set, and the stage was set,
not through a man made road-bridge or a railway track,
but on two wheels driven by me,
I entered the Rann of Kutch,
and thus, the Kutch district.
The last village that I had left behind was called Vouva, in Patan district, Gujarat.
From here, Mohana, in Kutch was 24 kms, across the Rann, which had now dried up.
I left Vouva well before the sunset, 
only to loose my way among the many tracks that enter the Rann,
I came back again,
in hope to find a soul,
and after 2 hours, and well around sunset,
was showed the right way.
There was a BSF post at 7 kms, and I was sure of spending the night there,
but I reached there after sunset, and was denied refuge.
So, alone, I had to cross over to the other side, into Kutch, passing through the Rann, in darkness.

The BSF post on the other side was after 15 kilometres,
and I started cycling in that direction.
Now, I had entered Kutch,
and the first soul to welcome me resided in the body of a wild ass,
too shy to stay anywhere near me,
but also curious, thus turning around many times to give repeated glances to me.
soon, it was dark, and I started to hear all sorts of sounds,
and getting fearful of existent, but more than that- non-existent fears;
I was there alone, and the next post was still at a distance.
there was no option but to continue cycling, which I did.
The cycle sometimes encountered unridable terrain,
and since there were many tracks made by previous vehicles,
I followed the one that led to a light which I guessed came from the BSF post.
The light disappeared soon after,
obstructed by a bund,
and thus, I called the previous BSF post to inform the next one about me,
and my arrival.
the light reappeared as I crossed the bund,
and finally reached the woodland that occupies this island named Bela.
Soon after, as I kept moving,
I heard a farmer keeping vigil at his land,
protecting the crop from herds of Nilgai,
we had a conversation but could not see each other,
being separated by the bushes,
two BSF men came there,
and I rung my cycle bell to signal them,
my arrival was a suspicious incidence, and I was taken to the commander.
My identity was to be verified,
and my family was called, on the number that I gave.
With my credentials verified,
I was treated well, and we talked about the ‘yatra’
I saw the way the Jawans live in Border areas,
for months altogether, far away from families, from ‘normal’ life.
They were also happy to have me there,
a change in the routine that occupied their daily lives.
Thus, passed another day,
and this is how, my first few hours passed in Kutch
Day 2
Entering into Kutch was eventful,
passing through this land had surprises to unfold.
Early morning, I left the camp of BSF where I was sheltered the previous night,
and yes, I was well fed before I left.
During my journey,
I have been fed, and sheltered, invited and welcomed,
by the people, and I can safely say-
this journey was powered by the people of India.
Today, I had to reach Dholavira, 86 kilometres away.
And powered by the BSF breakfast,
I started to cycle towards the next major village- Balesar, at a distance of 25 kilometres.
The ‘yatra’ had been into a mature stage by now.
I had learnt to unlearn many things- including the use of mobile, money and motor.
The morning breeze, and flocks of crane were my companions now,
and as I slowly passed through the landscape,
I saw things that I could never observe before-
birds of various hues and colours tending their plumage,
cranes feeding voraciously,
egrets riding buffaloes,
so on and so forth.
Thus, one with the surroundings,
I reached Balesar, after 2 hours of cycling.
Enroute to Balesar, there is a famous temple at a place called Vraj Vani, which one may visit,
the legend attached to it goes as this:
The ladies of a village started dancing when a man started beating his drum,
this continued for two days,
and the menfolk of the village, enraged, beheaded the drummer,
the sound did not stop though,
and all the ladies gave their lives in grief.
The temple today is in the memory of those who died.
There are many such legends spread across Kutch,
folklore is still alive here.
I was approaching Balesar,
and was Hungry again- my hunger somehow made itself evident as I passed any town or village of a sizable populace.
Two schoolchildren raced with me, as I was entering the village,
and I befriended them with whatever little Gujarati I knew.
This was Christmas Day, as I can now recall-
the kids had a holiday;
I let them ride my ‘geared’ cycle, and then, they were mine.🙂
They escorted me into the village, where I met a local doctor (BAMS)
and had tea.
It was still morning, but 58 kilometres were to be covered.
In the local market, I had two ‘dabhelis’- with tea,
I was warned that I would find nothing to eat for the next 40 kilometres,
so I should be prepared.
Ready I was, for the challenge,
and for Dholavira…

The White rann of Kutch attracts people from far,
and is the main attraction at the popular Rann Utsav. Only on the way to Dholavira, does a Metalled Road cross the Rann,
and driving on this road is an experience.
These were empty roads,
long stretches passed before I could see a vehicle coming from the opposite end.
I came across a Rabari- a person belonging to the shepherd community-
Rabaris constitute a significant chunk of Kutch’s population,
and I captured his un-usual image, without him knowing.

Alone on the road,
I reached a point from where I could feel the approaching Raan,
and soon, I was there,
looking at the vast endless expanse,
and the beautiful road that cut through it.
So, in solitude, and awestruck, I continued.
At a distance,
I did see some chinkaras.
Birds of various colours flew by me,
and I could resist no more.
I left the road, and both of us- me and my ride,
were on the flat white terra in-firma- The Rann.
There was little that I could do,
apart from clicking various shots of my ride, and the vast endlessness.
So, I had to get back to the road, and continue cycling.
Dholavira was still away.
Dug dug dug dug- came the familiar sound,
and I turned around to find two bikes, and four bikers.
‘Aapke baare me bahut suna hai- we have heard about you’- said one of them.
I smiled, as he told be that the BSF men told them about me.
THey were from Delhi, and moving towards Dholavira.

It felt good to meet someone, in this remoteness.
I came for solitude, and in this land, I was seeking company.
I continued to pedal, as I saw them receding away, on the straight road.

Time to get tired, but nothing could take away the pain,
no option but to move ahead.
I saw the island of Khadir at a distance,
and the island approached me, slowly, and steadily,
with every turn of wheel.
On my right, there was a continuous water pipeline,
and along with it, some scarecrows,
their purpose is still obscure for me,
some of them stood erect,
some fell down, like the one here-

I reached Khadir, the island which had 12 villages settled on it.
Amarapar is the first village,
and also a famous birding site.
This year, it had rained little,
and few birds came,
so, I continued ahead.
The terrain was rocky, with small hills,
and I continued.
Another village- Gadhada approached,
and without much thought, I turned towards the building of the POlice station-
the only one on Khadir.
Now something about this area, and its police.
Few people live here,
and few crimes occur.
There is little work to do,
and passing time is a challenge.
So, a pack of cards, and liquor come to the rescue.
The meal that I had in Gadhada was among the most memorable in my journey.
The home-guard’s son there was particularly happy to see me,
and embarked on a mission to bake some bread for me.
He made Gujarati kadhi- which needs little apart from some flour, butter milk, onions and spices.
Butter-milk is a constant companion of Gujarati food,
and I enjoyed it wherever I went.
Good for a traveller like me,
as it kept me hydrated.
There was a long conversation between me and my host,
and I took a short nap as well.
Though this was the height of winters,
still, riding in the afternoon sun in Kutch,
was difficult.
This journey of mine could not have been imagined in any other season.
I looked at the watch,
as I was having my food,
and realised that I would have to hurry,
If I desire to reach Dholavira in time.
I had little money in my pockets, and could not afford to stay in Dholavira for more than a night.
So, with renewed vigour,
and energy from the food that I had,
I covered the last 24 kilometres in 90 minutes.
My target was to reach Dholavira before Sun-set,
and I managed to be there by 5 pm.
some snapshots of Kutch:


Indus Valley Civilisation-
When the citadels of Harappa and Mohen-jo-Daro were unearthed,
the History of India shifted 2000 years back,
and Indians realised that civilisation was not a western concept.
It was not the Aryans who brought with them the way of life, to this sub-continent,
but the fertile plains of Indus supported the most advanced civilisation of its times.
Mohan-jo-Daro was the largest city that its contemporary world had seen,
and during those days-
the area from Suktagendor in Iran, to Burzahom in Kashmir,
and Daimabad in Maharashtra was part of a single administrative unit,
which is now known as the Harappan Civilisation.
After partition, the large cities of this civilisation went to Pakistan,
and what remained in India, was not too grandiose, until-
Until- the Kot ie: Fort in Dholavira was discovered.

What is now a remote corner of the remote island in the Remoteness of Kutch,
was a sprawling metropolis 4000 years ago,
the secrets of which still await excavation,
and what has been un-earthed,
in itself is sufficient to make oneself wonder,
about the people who created this wonder.
Co-incidence brought me here,
and there were many co-incidences that were awaiting me,
as I was pedaling fast towards Dholavira,
to catch her before sunset.
As I reached the village,
without stopping, I continued towards the ‘Kot’,
which was still a couple of kilometers away.
The staff at the Archeological Survey of India (ASI) museum was amused,
when they saw me.
What amused them further was that I was coming from Delhi,
and the caretaker there told me-
‘visit the museum and I’ll take you to the site as a guide,
my charge would be Rs 150 only.’
I went in to see a collection of beads, seals, weights and measures, and pottery,
made 4000 years back, and conserved in this ‘on-site’ museum at Dholavira.
The concept of on-site museums by ASI is a good initiative,
so that the antiquities recovered from ancient sites are kept in close association with the remains to which they belong.
There are 44 such museums and Dholavira has one.
After a quick walk-over at the museum,
I came out, for the more interesting part,
and told the caretaker-
I am short of money, and won’t be able to hire you as a guide.
Would you still like to accompany?
He said, there would be more visitors soon, and we’ll go together, taking them.
And, a car with a family came,
and began the tour of Dholavira.

The remains are divided into a citadel and the lower town-
We entered the citadel through what had been a gate,
and climbed up the stairs.
At the entrance, there was a smoothly polished, round, beautifully made,
base of a pillar, made of stone.
Dholavira was made in stone,
and not in burnt bricks,
which were used to build Harappa and Mohan-jo-Daro.
Around 50,000 people lived here,
and while I was moving through the lanes of the citadel,
I could not help imagining how were the people who had built these lanes, and walked through them,
Below the citadel, there were many parts of the city-
the area where the officials lived,
the area where bones of slaughtered cattle were dumped,
and the magnificent series of reservoirs used to store water.
They had steps through which one could descend in,
and a ramp for the movement of bullock carts.
The longest ‘signboard’ in the undeciphered Harappan Script was discovered in Dholavira, and lies ‘in-situ’ but covered.
The sun was bidding a good-bye,
setting into the Rann of Kutch.
And we returned to the museum.
I was told that Dr RS Bisht, who had served as the Joint Director in the ASI,
and was instrumental in excavation of Dholavira,
was in Dholavira,
and I should get in touch with him.
When we reached back to the museum,
a car stopped and I went forward to ask a gentleman-
Sir, are you Dr Bisht?
‘yes’, came his reply, with a smile,
and I told him that I had arrived in Dholavira on a bicycle.
he was glad and asked me where I was putting up.
I replied, ‘with you’.
The next few hours were among the most memorable in my journey.

Dr Bisht, with whom my acquaintance was of a couple of minutes long,
asked his helper to shift my luggage to a guest-room near his halting place,
and soon, three of us- Dr Bisht, me and Dr Srikumar Menon,
were in a conversation.
Dr Menon teaches architecture in Manipal University,
and has published books on Megaliths.
We gelled up well together, and our talks were not confined to history alone.
The ideas of Dr Bisht were not ‘conventional’ while explaining various questions that ‘haunt’ our historians,
one example being the reasons for the decline of Harappan Civilisation,
and regarding who the Aryans actually were.
I got to know a lot, in a short time.
recalling what I can remember,
regarding Dholavira, Dr Bisht was very enthusiastic,
because here in Dholavira, were discovered two different series of weights,
and all the weights in the series were found,
ranging from less than a gram,
to more than 50 kgs,
and those weights were made of stones as well as metals.
The weights were verified for their accuracy, and the correct weights were punched.

‘sir, why did this civilisation cease to exist?’, I asked.
and his reply was among the most comprehensive answers that I have got on this subject.
According to him, this was a trading civilisation,
the Harappans were traders par-excellence,
they had different people assigned for each step of manufacturing merchandise-
from sourcing stones and raw materials,
to sorting them, cutting them, polishing, weighing, packing and exporting.
It was a civilisation that had evolved itself into a complex one,
and thus, in this complexity,
the cities were of primary importance,
where these activities were co-ordinated.
Mesopotamians were the chief trading partners,
and if trade happened with the Egyptians,
it was via Mesopotamia.
During what is called the Late Phase of Indus Valley Civilisation,
and this was around 1900 BCE,
there were internal disturbances in Mesopotamia.
This led to reduction in trade between Meluha (as this land was known) and what we now call Mesopotamia,
This was a blow to a trading civilisation.
But these were no ordinary people,
they were far ahead of their times,
but even nature was against them.
There were a series of drought years, with little rainfall.
Climate was changing,
and mighty rivers ran dry.
Thus, the agricuiltural produce also lessened.
Agriculture was a rural activity, while trading happened through cities.
So, when trade declined, people moved back in smaller settlements,
which are now seen as Late Harappan Settlements,
these settlements, though small sized, fairly outnumber the large cities.
This migration led to the apparent decline of Indus Valley Civilisation.

A fair explanation.
The curious guy in me asked about what those people ate, how they lived,
whether they shaved or kept beard, and things like that.
And, Dr Bisht answered them all.
He is an impromptu poet, and we relished his couplets in Urdu,
accompanied with their explanation in the language that we understood.
What an evening it was,
as it slowly receded into the night.
And bidding him a goodbye,
I continued the conversation with Dr Menon,
telling him that I would leave the next day,
and receiving a book written by him.
Thus, passed another day,
but this particular day was among the most eventful ones during the journey.
Kutch was indeed turning to be a surprise package,
and my love for this land deepened with every passing day.

The plan was to get up at 5 and catch the 6 am bus to Rapar.
Dholavira lies in Bhachau taluka of Kutch,
Bhachau lies 141 kilometers from here,
and I wonder if there is any other similar example where such distances exist to the nearest seat of administration.
The district headquarters is at Bhuj,
230 kms away.
Rapar is the nearest town,
at a distance of 90 kilometres,
and instead of cycling back on the same route,
I decided to take the early morning bus to Rapar.
But, neither did my alarm ring,
nor did my body wake up automatically.
And, I woke up around 7 am on that December morning,
to find Dr Menon smiling.
The previous day, I had told him that we would not be meeting each other,
as I would have left by the time he woke up.
Happy I was,
to see him and Dr Bisht again.
The bus journey back to Rapar was not un-eventful.
But yes, distance did pass quickly,
and even this slow bus,
that returned back to pick-up a missed passenger in Dholavira,
that stopped wherever and whenever we encountered someone by the road,
and that took three tea-breaks and 4 hours in a 90 km journey;
appeared quiet quick to my ‘cycle habituated’ mind.
At 1 pm, I unloaded by ride from the roof of the bus,
and was standing in the middle of a small town.
There was no destination that I could think of for today,
but I knew that I had to proceed towards Bhuj- 150 kilometres away.

From 1 pm to 6 pm, I had 5 hours of daylight remaining,
and my lunch was still due.
This day, in retrospect,
would turn out to be a difficult one.

After a quick lunch,
and a repair of my cycle by an obliging mechanic in Rapar,
I decided to proceed towards Bhuj via Ramvav.
The state highway went via Bhachau,
but I decided to go via a road less travelled,
and shorter.
Thus, I did not get entangled in the traffic of a highway,
and continued my journey in remoteness.
But in remoteness,
distances appear longer,
and I had just half a day remaining.

Ramvav was around 20 kilometres,
and that distance was covered easily.
I talked to a tea-stall owner,
trying to convince him to educate his younger child further;
rested besides a beautiful farm,
but ultimately, continued cycling.
Kharoi was the next big village,
and from here, I realised that I could take a short-cut to Bhuj,
but through unpaved roads.
I took that chance,
but got lost somewhere in the middle.
I tried to ask for directions,
but the people who I could find around were migrants,
having little idea of the place.
I continued, and realised that this was not the right way.
There was nobody who I could ask,
and I encountered the biggest enemy that I faced as a cyclist in my journey-
Prosopis juliflora- commonly called as Kikar, gaando baaval, baawar, angrezi babool or vilayati babool.
All the punctures in my cycle tyres can be directly attributed to this enemy.
Both the tyres were punctured by now,
and in the darkness,
in the middle of no-where,
I was dragging my cycle,
knowing that where I was going was not the correct way.

I met Govindbhai, while he was returning with his buffaloes and children after a day’s work.
I told him the story, and he took me to his home.
His brother-in-Law came,
and repaired the punctures,
which took more than an hour of continuous work.
We inflated the tube thrice to find that always,
there was a puncture left to be repaired.
Finally, we abandoned the work, for the next morning.
It was an untold truth that I could go no-where else,
and Govindbhai was to be my host.
He was worried that his place was not appropriate for me,
and I assured him, that I was indeed happy to be with him and his family.
Thus, once settled, be began our conversation around the bonfire that kept us warm in that December night.
Govindbhai came from the Koli community,
and cultivated a piece of land that he got in inheritance.
Two buffaloes supplemented his income,
and half of his produce went to the Patel,
who provided him with water for irrigation.
The Patel had monopoly over water,
as getting permits for new bore-wells was impossible for a person without resources.
The prices of land in this area have gone up substantially over the past few years,
and NRIs, who never visited their ancestral villages,
were now looking at their ancestral lands with regained interests,
at times to find that people have sold those lands by fraudulent papers.
Kutch, being a princely state, did not have proper land records,
and there are ample cases of illegal possession by forged papers.

Anyways, I am narrating this because Govindbhai also had issues with his land,
and explained them to me for a suggestion.
Our talk continued till late,
and after a hearty dinner,
with rotlas of Bajra, tomato curry and lots of milk and curd,
I retired in his hut,
with his son giving me company.
The day was a hard one,
but had I not encountered the hard part,
there was no chance of me landing into this remoteness,
close to the heart of the real India.

My day began at sun-rise,
and we went to visit Govindbhai’s father,
he was a religious man,
and the only room in his house was turned into a ‘worship place’.
Breakfast followed,
and with Govindbhai’s brother-in-law,
I began my journey back towards a metaled road.
We passed through a kutccha road with gaanda baawar on both sides,
and though I was very careful,
both the tyres got punctured again.
Repairing punctures is something which I have now become expert at,
and this expertise was gained mainly while repairing consecutive punctures on this kutccha path.
I still remember looking at the thorny twig of angrezi babool stuck in my front Tyre,
I knew removing the twig would lead to opening a new puncture,
but having no option,
I pulled it out,
to an unpleasant sound, ‘phusshhh…’
All I wanted to see now was a paved road,
and after a three kilometer walk,
we reached a village named ‘Nehar’, from where I could resume cycling.
Bhuj was still 80 kilometers from here,
and the road that led to the highway was desolate.
Again, this was a road seldom taken,
and I continued in the barren territory.
Flocks of sheep owned by Rabaris, but fed by nature, passed me,
and so did herds of neelgai fed by man, but owned by nature.
I stopped at a primary school,
to find it well equipped with a computer lab,
but not a soul, including the teacher, knew how to operate these electronic boxes.
This road joined the highway at a village named Budharmora.
And now, this highway- State Highway-42 would lead me to Bhuj.
Enroute, I stopped at a large village,
the purpose being to meet a doctor at the Primary Health Center.
Till now, I had visited 4 Primary Health Centers after entering Gujarat,
and found doctors at none of them.
This was to be no exception.
Regarding the health needs of the local population,
a BAMS doctor stayed here.
I went to his residense,
and told the lady of the house that I too was a doctor,
and wanted to meet the local doctor.
She offered me tea, and called for the compounder who treated patients when the doctor was away.
I was told by the compounder that the doctor was in Bhuj,
and he (the compounder) started his daily OPD.
A lady came with two children,
the younger of them had cough.
The compounder prescribed some medication,
and then, focussed his attention to the elder child,
who was apparently alright.
The elder child was also given some medicine.

The lady went to the drug-store,
and the pharmacist (by profession, not by degree), who was till now sitting by the compounder,
went to open his shop, and dispensed the medicines to the lady.
thus, the elder child was also given medicines which were not needed,
by a person who was not entitled to prescribe them.
Moving on, I saw a cart loaded with local block-printed dress material being taken to a shop,
and expressed my desire to be taken to the shop, which was readily fulfilled.
The shop was a decent one, looking at the size of the village,
and fabric from here was sent across India.
I bought a ladies’ suit,
and this was among the few items that I had purchased in this journey.
Bhuj was still 45 kilometres away,
and this highway was not conducive to cycling,
actually none of the highways are.
The road was under construction,
and the traffic load was substantial.
Somehow, I managed to continue,
frequently leaving the road to avoid being knocked down by an approaching truck.
Enroute, there were villages reconstructed after the Kutch earthquake of 2001.
the state government or NGO that helped in reconstruction of a particular village was credited by making a doorway in its name,
at the village entrance.
And I felt happy to see that there were many by the Rajasthan government,
and others by Mata Amritanandamayi trust, etc.
The sun was not going to wait for me to reach my destination,
and I saw it leaving me in darkness.
The remaining 30 kilometres were difficult,
on this highway.
My stay was arranged at the SP’s Bungalow, who I knew through a friend.
Thus, all I had to do was to continue cycling, and reach Bhuj.
The road got busier as it joined the national Highway that connected Bhuj to Gandhidham,
but by now, when the distance was reduced to single digit kilometres,
I pedalled harder, and reached the outskirts of Bhuj.
I had to cross a hill before entering the city,
and from the top of the hill,
the whole city was seen, in its evening glory.
My attire and appearance was inappropriate for meeting a senior official,
and a quick shave at the barber’s shop was the only palliative measure that I could adopt then.
Around 8 pm, I reached the SP office, to meet another interesting and affectionate person of this journey-
Dr Bipin Ahire, Superintendent of Police, Kutch (West).

de-focus me!

They ask me to concentrate,
they want me to get focussed.
I find myself scattered,
Akin to the gentle breeze,
that carries fragrance of the full bloom, directionless, and seemingly aimless,
I spread happiness everywhere.
Yet, they ask me to focus.
and focus into a gale,
still concentrate further,
turning into a hurricane.
I wish to move directionless,
like the gentle rivulet formed after a rain,
changing directions, and loosing myself in the soil,
while giving life.
they want me to focus,
into what?
a flash flood or a tsunami?
They say-
focus is not that bad.
the lens focuses sunlight to create fire,
a LASER is focused par-excellence.
I wonder-
though focused par-excellence,
it still derives fame from its ability to destroy,
like the focused sunlight which heats and burns.
No denial that one needs to focus,
for not even an eye-lid could blink without movement of all muscle fibers in a single direction.
focus on a collective goal can accomplish the super-human, the herculean.
In that focused world,
Oh benevolent,
bless me with randomness,
carry me with the flow,
pull me in all directions,
this world does not lack in those who are focused,
but in those who consciously and knowingly de-focus, and dissipate.
Even nature shows us at times how to diffuse,
to scatter, to dissolve.
Not that focusing is a bane,
and being directionless a God-sent boon to the select few,
but, even the opposite of this is not true.
So, in this focused world Oh Lord,
send me with an excess of randomness,
Ready I am,
to risk being termed directionless,
if that makes them introspect on their own directions,
but all this is not a self-less service by me,
because Oh Lord, my creator,
I know that many of the important discoveries in my times,
were done not in a focused state of mind,
but by an act of serendipity.